MilliporeSigma
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M1547

Sigma-Aldrich

Metronidazole

BioXtra

Synonym(s):
2-Methyl-5-nitroimidazole-1-ethanol
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C6H9N3O3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
171.15
Beilstein:
611683
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

product line

BioXtra

impurities

≤0.0005% Phosphorus (P)
≤0.1% Insoluble matter

ign. residue

≤0.1%

color

white to light yellow

mp

159-161 °C (lit.)

solubility

acetic acid: 0.1 M, clear, colorless to yellow

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.05%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.05%

cation traces

Al: ≤0.0005%
Ca: ≤0.005%
Cu: ≤0.0005%
Fe: ≤0.0005%
K: ≤0.005%
Mg: ≤0.0005%
Na: ≤0.01%
Pb: ≤0.001%
Zn: ≤0.0005%

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
parasites

Mode of action

DNA synthesis | interferes

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

CC1=NC=C([N+]([O-])=O)N1CCO

InChI

1S/C6H9N3O3/c1-5-7-4-6(9(11)12)8(5)2-3-10/h4,10H,2-3H2,1H3

InChI key

VAOCPAMSLUNLGC-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Related Categories

General description

Chemical structure: imidazole

Application

Metronidazole is a nitroimidazole used to treat amebiasis, vaginitis, Trichomonas infections, giardiasis, anaerobic bacteria and treponemal infections. Metronidazole is used to study DNA damage and repair and has been found to induce the gene transfer agent VSH-1 in Brachyspira hyodysenteriae. It is commonly used for treatment of periodontitis and is used in bioavailability studies.

Packaging

5, 25 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Metronidazole is a prodrug and is selective for anaerobic bacteria due to their ability to intracellularly reduce metronidazole to its active form. Reduced metronidazole covalently binds to DNA which disrupts its helical structure, induces DNA strand breaks and inhibits bacterial nucleic acid synthesis. Bacterial cell death results.

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Carc. 1B - Muta. 1B - STOT RE 2

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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