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H6132

Sigma-Aldrich

DL-3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A sodium salt hydrate

≥90% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
HMG-CoA
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C27H42N7Na2O20P3S · xH2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
955.62 (anhydrous basis)
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.51

Quality Level

assay

≥90% (HPLC)

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

O.[Na+].[Na+].CC(O)(CC(O)=O)CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)[C@@H](O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP([O-])([O-])=O)n2cnc3c(N)ncnc23

InChI

1S/C27H44N7O20P3S.2Na.H2O/c1-26(2,21(40)24(41)30-5-4-15(35)29-6-7-58-17(38)9-27(3,42)8-16(36)37)11-51-57(48,49)54-56(46,47)50-10-14-20(53-55(43,44)45)19(39)25(52-14)34-13-33-18-22(28)31-12-32-23(18)34;;;/h12-14,19-21,25,39-40,42H,4-11H2,1-3H3,(H,29,35)(H,30,41)(H,36,37)(H,46,47)(H,48,49)(H2,28,31,32)(H2,43,44,45);;;1H2/q;2*+1;/p-2/t14-,19-,20-,21-,25-,27?;;;/m1.../s1

InChI key

QGWMCHPRNDWWMT-UAUHQYJPSA-L

General description

DL-3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) is obtained from acetyl-CoA and acetoacetyl-CoA during condensation with the help of HMG-CoA synthase.

Application

DL-3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A sodium salt hydrate has been used in drug treatment to study its effect on mTORC1 regulation. It has also been used to compare the acylomes of two reactive acyl-CoA species, like HMG-CoA and glutaryl-CoA.

Packaging

5 mg in glass bottle
10, 25 mg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

DL-3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) acts as a precursor of cholesterol synthesis. Inhibition of HMG-CoA can decrease cholesterol synthesis. This can be converted to β-hydroxybutyrate in the blood. HMG-CoA is a regulatory enzyme for cholesterol biosynthesis, it couples with LDL receptor to regulate cholesterol synthesis, once it is inhibited it would decrease cholesterol synthesis.
DL-3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) is a substrate used to study the specificity and kinetics of the enzyme 3-hydroxyl-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase. HMG-CoA is the key intermediate in the biosynthsis of terpenes and ketone bodies. Its metabolism is the target of statin drugs used to control cholesterol levels.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Product Information Sheet

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Articles

Dietary Terpenes

Terpenes comprise the largest and most diverse class of secondary metabolites; approximately 55,000 compounds have been identified to date.

Cholesterol Biosynthesis

Biosynthesis of cholesterol generally takes place in the endoplasmic reticulum of hepatic cells and begins with acetyl- CoA, which is mainly derived from an oxidation reaction in the mitochondria. Acetyl-CoA and acetoacetyl-CoA are converted to 3-hydroxy- 3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) by HMG-CoA synthase.

Antilipemic Agents

Randomized controlled clinical studies have suggested 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) are effective in both primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events.

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