All Photos(1)

E8875

Sigma-Aldrich

β-Estradiol

≥98%

Synonym(s):
17β-Estradiol, 3,17β-Dihydroxy-1,3,5(10)-estratriene, 1,3,5-Estratriene-3,17β-diol, Dihydrofolliculin
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C18H24O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
272.38
Beilstein:
1914275
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic (organic)

sterility

non-sterile

assay

≥98%

form

powder

application(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

mp

176-180 °C (lit.)

solubility

ethanol: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

O[C@H]1CC[C@@]2([H])[C@]3([H])CCC4=CC(O)=CC=C4[C@@]3([H])CC[C@@]21C

InChI

1S/C18H24O2/c1-18-9-8-14-13-5-3-12(19)10-11(13)2-4-15(14)16(18)6-7-17(18)20/h3,5,10,14-17,19-20H,2,4,6-9H2,1H3/t14-,15-,16+,17+,18+/m1/s1

InChI key

VOXZDWNPVJITMN-ZBRFXRBCSA-N

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Application

β-Estradiol has been used:
  • for the in vitro maturation of bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs)
  • as a supplement in in vitro maturation medium (IVM), which is used as a control medium
  • in estrogen-induction assay

Packaging

250 mg in glass bottle
1, 5, 25, 100 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

The major estrogen secreted by the premenopausal ovary. Estrogens direct the development of the female phenotype in embryogenesis and during puberty by regulating gene transcription and, thus, protein synthesis. It also induces the production of gonadotropins which, in turn, induce ovulation. Exposure to estradiol increases breast cancer incidence and proliferation.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Acetylcholine Receptors (Nicotinic) and Nuclear Receptors (Steroids) pages of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. E8875.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

Pictograms

Health hazardEnvironment

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Chronic 1 - Carc. 2 - Lact. - Repr. 1A

Storage Class Code

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Natriuretic peptide receptor 2 (NPR2) localized in bovine oocyte underlies a unique mechanism for C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP)-induced meiotic arrest.
Xi G, et al.
Theriogenology, 106, 198-209 (2018)
Youqiang Li et al.
International journal of oncology, 46(4), 1461-1472 (2015-02-06)
Hormone therapy targeting estrogen receptor α (ERα) is the most effective treatment for breast cancer. However, this treatment eventually fails as the tumor develops resistance. Although reduced expression of ER-α is a known contributing factor to endocrine resistance, the mechanism...
Three-step in vitro maturation culture of bovine oocytes imitating temporal changes of estradiol-17beta and progesterone concentrations in preovulatory follicular fluid.
Matsuo M, et al.
Archives Animal Breeding, 60(4), 385-390 (2017)
Beihui Xu et al.
Nucleic acids research, 47(5), 2322-2335 (2019-01-01)
Estrogen/ERα signaling is critical for breast cancer progression and therapeutic treatments. Thus, identifying new regulators of this pathway will help to develop new therapeutics to overcome chemotherapy resistance of the breast cancer cells. Here, we report Ajuba directly interacts with...
Emily Powell et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 285(21), 16125-16134 (2010-04-01)
The two estrogen receptor (ER) subforms, ERalpha and ERbeta, are capable of forming DNA-binding homodimers and heterodimers. Although binding to DNA is thought to stabilize ER dimers, how ERalpha/alpha, ERbeta/beta, and ERalpha/beta dimerization is regulated by DNA and the chaperone...

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