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E2758

Sigma-Aldrich

β-Estradiol

BioReagent, powder, suitable for cell culture

Synonym(s):
17β-Estradiol, 3,17β-Dihydroxy-1,3,5(10)-estratriene, 1,3,5-Estratriene-3,17β-diol, Dihydrofolliculin
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C18H24O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
272.38
Beilstein:
1914275
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic (organic)

product line

BioReagent

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder

application(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

mp

176-180 °C (lit.)

solubility

ethanol: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

O[C@H]1CC[C@@]2([H])[C@]3([H])CCC4=CC(O)=CC=C4[C@@]3([H])CC[C@@]21C

InChI

1S/C18H24O2/c1-18-9-8-14-13-5-3-12(19)10-11(13)2-4-15(14)16(18)6-7-17(18)20/h3,5,10,14-17,19-20H,2,4,6-9H2,1H3/t14-,15-,16+,17+,18+/m1/s1

InChI key

VOXZDWNPVJITMN-ZBRFXRBCSA-N

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General description

β-Estradiol or estradiol-17 β (E2) is secreted majorly by the large preovulatory follicles in the ovary. In addition, estradiol can be synthesized de novo from cholesterol have androgens synthesized from cholesterol. The aromatization of androgen by enzyme aromatase (P450arom) results in the β-estradiol production.

Application

β-Estradiol is used to study cell differentiation and transformations (tumorigenicity).
β-Estradiol has been used:
  • as a component of Dulbecco′s modified Eagle medium (DMEM) for culturing mammary tumor cells
  • as a oestrogenic compound for testing neuroprotective effects
  • as a component of medium199 for culturing oocytes

Packaging

250 mg in glass bottle
1, 5 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

The major estrogen secreted by the premenopausal ovary. Estrogens direct the development of the female phenotype in embryogenesis and during puberty by regulating gene transcription and, thus, protein synthesis. It also induces the production of gonadotropins which, in turn, induce ovulation. Exposure to estradiol increases breast cancer incidence and proliferation.
β-Estradiol (E2) is a major premenopausal hormone in women and is essential for spermiogenesis, sperm maturation and motility in men. Cultured bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) have ability to synthesize E2 and could be exploited for treating estrogen deficiency. It mediates physiological functions through estrogen receptor (ER) α and ERβ.

Physical form

powder-RT; stock-frozen in working aliquots, avoid repeated freeze/thaw

Reconstitution

To prepare a 20 μg/ml stock solution, add 1 ml absolute ethanol to 1 mg β-estradiol; gently swirl to dissolve; add 49 ml sterile medium while mixing.

Pictograms

Health hazardEnvironment

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Chronic 1 - Carc. 2 - Lact. - Repr. 1A

Storage Class Code

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Loss of STAT1 from mouse mammary epithelium results in an increased Neu-induced tumor burden
Klover PJ, et al.
Neoplasia, 12(11), 899-905 (2010)
Estradiol synthesis and release in cultured female rat bone marrow stem cells
Zhang D, et al.
BioMed Research International, 2013 (2013)
Molecular mechanism of estrogen-estrogen receptor signaling
Yacsar P, et al.
Reproductive medicine and biology, 16(1), 4-20 (2017)
Estrogen synthesis and signaling pathways during aging: from periphery to brain
Cui J, et al.
Trends in Molecular Medicine, 19(3), 197-209 (2013)
Selective oestrogen receptor (ER) modulators reduce microglia reactivity in vivo after peripheral inflammation: potential role of microglial ERs
Tapia-Gonzalez S, et al.
The Journal of Endocrinology, 198, 219?230-219?230 (2008)

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