H2625

Sigma-Aldrich

Hemoglobin from bovine blood

suitable for protease substrate, substrate powder

Synonym(s):
Hb, Methemoglobin, Bovine hemoglobin
CAS Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
42030116
NACRES:
NA.61

Quality Level

biological source

bovine blood

form

substrate powder

mol wt

Mr ~64500

application(s)

activity assay: suitable

solubility

H2O: soluble 20 mg/mL

suitability

suitable for protease substrate

storage temp.

2-8°C

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General description

Hemoglobin is the major component of red blood cells, and is responsible for their red color. Its normal concentration in erythrocytes is 34%. Hemoglobin is the most important respiratory protein of vertebrates by virtue of its ability to transport oxygen from the lungs to body tissues, and to facilitate the return transport of carbon dioxide.
Hemoglobin is the major component of red blood cells and is responsible for their red color. Its normal concentration in erythrocytes is 34%. Hemoglobin is a globular protein with α and β chains with every 141 and 146 amino acids respectively. It exists as a tetramer with each monomer having heterocyclic porphyrin ring with iron constituting the heme.

Application

Hemoglobin from bovine blood has been used as a substrate in cathepsin D activity assay. It has also been used to measure the activity of acid proteases (pepsin-like) in the stomach extract.
The solubility of α-elastin has been applied to construction of elastin-mimetic biomaterials.

Packaging

25, 100 g in glass bottle
1 kg in poly drum

Biochem/physiol Actions

Bovine hemoglobin is used in the production of hemoglobin-vesicles (HbV). It has high thermal stability and high oxygen affinity when compared to human hemoglobin. Bovine hemoglobin interacts with synthetic and azo dyes. Polymerized forms of bovine hemoglobin are used to treat autoimmune hemolytic anemia.
Oxygen transporter. The Fe2+/Fe3+ balance is a physiological indicator of blood oxygenation; deoxygenated hemoglobin accessorizes a feedback loop by reducing nitrite to NO, a vasodilator which enhances blood flow to oxygen-deprived tissues.

Caution

Since native hemoglobin is readily oxidized in air, these preparations may be predominantly methemoglobin.

Preparation Note

Prepared from washed, lysed and dialyzed erythrocytes.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

P John Wright et al.
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 20(3), 484-495 (2008-12-23)
The conformations of gas-phase ions of hemoglobin, and its dimer and monomer subunits have been studied with H/D exchange and cross section measurements. During the H/D exchange measurements, tetramers undergo slow dissociation to dimers, and dimers to monomers, but this...
Circadian cycle of digestive enzyme production at fasting and feeding conditions in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (Actinopterygii: Perciformes: Cichlidae)
MEJIA, MAGNOLIA MONTOYA and others
Acta ichthyologica et piscatoria, 32(2), 188-193 (2016)
Xianbo Lu et al.
Biosensors & bioelectronics, 23(8), 1236-1243 (2007-12-18)
Carbon nanofibers (CNFs), with typical diameters of approximately 80 nm and lengths of the order of micrometers, are extremely attractive in bioanalytical area as they can combine properties of high surface area, non-toxicity, acceptable biocompatibility, ease of fabrication, chemical and...
Characteristics of bovine hemoglobin as a potential source of hemoglobin-vesicles for an artificial oxygen carrier
Sakai H, et al.
Journal of Biochemistry, 131(4), 611-617 (2002)
Lai Truong Phuoc et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), 39(36), 8511-8520 (2010-07-27)
Solid polyenzymatic biocatalysts have been designed by combining two immobilized enzymes, the first one allowing the in situ generation of H(2)O(2) from air and the second one performing an oxidation reaction. The in situ H(2)O(2) generation system is based on...
Articles
Proteinase K (EC 3.4.21.64) activity can be measured spectrophotometrically using hemoglobin as the substrate. Proteinase K hydrolyzes hemoglobin denatured with urea, and liberates Folin-postive amino acids and peptides. One unit will hydrolyze hemoglobin to produce color equivalent to 1.0 μmol of tyrosine per minute at pH 7.5 at 37 °C (color by Folin & Ciocalteu's Phenol Reagent).
Read More
Protocols
This procedure may be used for determination of Pepsin activity using hemoglobin as the substrate. It is a spectrophotometric stop rate determination.
Read More
Our General Protease Assay Procedures and Substrates overview.
Read More
Proteinase K (EC 3.4.21.64) activity can be measured spectrophotometrically using hemoglobin as the substrate. Proteinase K hydrolyzes hemoglobin denatured with urea, and liberates Folin-postive amino acids and peptides. One unit will hydrolyze hemoglobin to produce color equivalent to 1.0 μmol of tyrosine per minute at pH 7.5 at 37 °C (color by Folin & Ciocalteu's Phenol Reagent).
Read More

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