All Photos(1)



Glycerol solution

83.5-89.5% (T)

Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
92.09 (anhydrous basis)
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level


83.5-89.5% (T)


viscous liquid


MALDI-MS: suitable


10.5-16.5% water

ign. residue

≤0.01% (as SO4)


182 °C/20 mmHg (lit.)


1.252 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string




InChI key


Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

General description

Glycerol is odourless, colorless, viscous in nature, and exists as a sweet tasting liquid. It can be derived naturally as well as from petrochemical feedstock. Glycerol has a wide variety of applications, and is one of the most valuable and versatile chemical substances in nature. It can be used as an emollient, solvent, sweetening agent, in pharmaceutical formulations, cosmetics, foodstuffs and toiletries. It is very stable and can be easily stored under normal temperature; also it is non-irritating and has no adverse impact to the environment.


Glycerol solution has been used:
  • in the preparation of blood mimicking fluid
  • in epidermis mimicking films
  • as a constituent of nuclei storage buffer

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glycerol is hygroscopic in nature and is soluble in water owing to its three hydrophilic alcoholic hydroxyl groups. It can form both inter- and intramolecular hydrogen bonds, making it a very flexible molecule. The physiologic effect of glycerine is due to cell-mediated immunity, increased IgG production and increased histamine release.
Glycerol has been used as
  • a supplement during cell culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium.
  • a fuel during designing enzymatic biofuel cell.
  • a liquid composite matrix with 4-HCCA and 3-amino­quinoline for analysis of neutral and acidic glycans.
  • a matrix for fast atom bombardment MS.
  • may be employed as liquid matrix for the quantification studies by MALDI (Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry) analysis.

Other Notes

Substrate for the assay of glycerokinase; glycerol dehydratase; glycerol oxidase

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids



Flash Point(F)

320.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

160 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Glycerol dehydratase from Aerobacter aerogenes.
B C Johnson et al.
Methods in enzymology, 42, 315-323 (1975-01-01)
Glycerol oxidase from Aspergillus japonicus.
T Uwajima et al.
Methods in enzymology, 89 Pt D, 243-248 (1982-01-01)
Multilayered tissue mimicking skin and vessel phantoms with tunable mechanical, optical, and acoustic properties
Chen AI, et al.
Medical Physics, 43(6), 3117-3131 (2016)
H.U. Bergmeyer, ed.
Methods of Enzymatic Analysis, 2, 216-216 (1983)
Automated end-to-end blood testing at the point-of-care: Integration of robotic phlebotomy with downstream sample processing
Balter ML, et al.
Technology, 1-8 (2018)

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service