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32670

Sigma-Aldrich

4′,6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride

BioReagent, suitable for fluorescence, ≥95.0% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
2-(4-Amidinophenyl)-6-indolecarbamidine dihydrochloride, DAPI dihydrochloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C16H15N5 · 2HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
350.25
Beilstein:
4894417
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.32

Quality Level

product line

BioReagent

assay

≥95.0% (HPLC)

form

powder

solubility

DMF: soluble
H2O: soluble

fluorescence

λex 340 nm; λem 488 nm (nur DAPI)
λex 364 nm; λem 454 nm (DAPI-DNA-Komplex)
λex 374 nm; λem 461 nm in 10 mM Tris; 1 mM EDTA; pH 8.0; DNA

suitability

suitable for fluorescence

SMILES string

Cl.Cl.NC(=N)c1ccc(cc1)-c2cc3ccc(cc3[nH]2)C(N)=N

InChI

1S/C16H15N5.2ClH/c17-15(18)10-3-1-9(2-4-10)13-7-11-5-6-12(16(19)20)8-14(11)21-13;;/h1-8,21H,(H3,17,18)(H3,19,20);2*1H

InChI key

FPNZBYLXNYPRLR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

DAPI is several times more sensitive than ethidium bromide for staining DNA in agarose gels. It may be used for photofootprinting of DNA, to detect annealed probes in blotting applications by specifically visualizing the double-stranded complex, and to study the changes in DNA and analyze DNA content during apoptosis using flow cytometry. DAPI staining has also been shown to be a sensitive and specific detection method for mycoplasma.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cell permeable fluorescent minor groove-binding probe for DNA. Binds to the minor groove of double-stranded DNA (preferentially to AT rich DNA), forming a stable complex which fluoresces approximately 20 times greater than DAPI alone.

Packaging

Bottomless glass bottle. Contents are inside inserted fused cone.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Skin Irrit. 2 - Skin Sens. 1A - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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