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76871

Sigma-Aldrich

Pentane

puriss. p.a., ≥99.0% (GC)

Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)3CH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
72.15
Beilstein:
969132
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.06

vapor density

2.48 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

26.98 psi

grade

puriss. p.a.

assay

≥99.0% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

500 °F

expl. lim.

~8.3 %

impurities

≤0.05% water

evapn. residue

≤0.002%

refractive index

n20/D 1.358 (lit.)
n20/D 1.358

bp

35-36 °C (lit.)

mp

−130 °C (lit.)

solubility

ethanol: soluble(lit.)

density

0.626 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.1 mg/kg
K: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Li: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Na: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

CCCCC

InChI

1S/C5H12/c1-3-5-4-2/h3-5H2,1-2H3

InChI key

OFBQJSOFQDEBGM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Pentane (n-pentane), a hydrocarbon, is a colorless liquid having 3 structural isomeric forms. It is a promising solvent for the dissolution of oils, fats and resins. Its hydroisomerization using a nanocrystalline beta (BEA) zeolite has been proposed. It has been reported as one of the products formed from the peroxidation of unsaturated fatty acid. It isomerizes to iso-pentane in the presence of ZSM-5 (Zeolite Socony Mobil-5) zeolite catalysts under hydrogen and nitrogen atmosphere.

Application

Pentane may be used for the fabrication of planar lipid bilayers on the films of amorphous PTFE (Polytetrafluoroethylene) by “painting technique”.

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Chronic 2 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Supplementary Hazards

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

-40.0 °F

Flash Point(C)

-40 °C

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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