MilliporeSigma
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74821

Sigma-Aldrich

Octane

puriss. p.a., ≥99.0% (GC)

Synonym(s):
n-Octane
Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)6CH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
114.23
Beilstein:
1696875
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

vapor density

3.9 (vs air)

vapor pressure

11 mmHg ( 20 °C)

grade

puriss. p.a.

assay

≥99.0% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

428 °F

expl. lim.

6.5 %

impurities

≤0.02% water

evapn. residue

≤0.002%

refractive index

n20/D 1.398 (lit.)

bp

125-127 °C (lit.)

mp

−57 °C (lit.)

solubility

ethanol: soluble(lit.)

density

0.703 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.1 mg/kg
K: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Li: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Na: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

CCCCCCCC

InChI

1S/C8H18/c1-3-5-7-8-6-4-2/h3-8H2,1-2H3

InChI key

TVMXDCGIABBOFY-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Octane (n-Octane) is a linear alkane hydrocarbon. It has 18 structural isomeric forms. Octane is formed during the hydrogenation of coal. Its octane rating has been reported to be -17. Flame ignition temperatures of isomers of octane and decane have been determined.

Application

Octane (n-Octane) may be used in the preparation of mesoporous silica-encased gold nanorods (MS-GNRs).

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

55.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

13 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

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Ignition of non-premixed counterflow flames of octane and decane isomers.
Liu N, et al.
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 34(1), 903-910 (2013)
Nai-Tzu Chen et al.
Theranostics, 4(8), 798-807 (2014-06-24)
The unique optical properties of gold nanorods (GNRs) have recently drawn considerable interest from those working in in vivo biomolecular sensing and bioimaging. Especially appealing in these applications is the plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence of GNRs induced by two-photon excitation at infrared
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 743-743 (1994)
Michel Vincent et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. B, 116(5), 1687-1699 (2012-01-12)
The water radial distribution in AOT/iso-octane/water reverse micelles (RM), used to mimic the membrane-water interface, was examined by excited-state lifetime and transient spectral measurements of the series of n-(9-anthroyloxy) stearic acids (n-AS), with n = 2, 3, 6, 7, 9
Oluwafemi A Olaofe et al.
Microbial cell factories, 12, 8-8 (2013-01-29)
Biocatalyst improvement through molecular and recombinant means should be complemented with efficient process design to facilitate process feasibility and improve process economics. This study focused on understanding the bioprocess limitations to identify factors that impact the expression of the terminal

Protocols

GC Analysis of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) on SLB®-5ms

Separation of Hexane; Heptane; Octane; Nonane; Decane; Undecane; Dodecane; Tetradecane; Hexadecane; Octadecane; Eicosane; Tetracosane; Octacosane; Dotriacontane; Hexatriacontane; Tetracontane; Tetratetracontane

ASTM D5134: GC Analysis of Hydrocarbons on Petrocol® DH 50.2

This application demonstrates the suitability of the Petrocol column for the efficient analysis of hydrocarbons as listed in ASTM method D5134.

GC Analysis of Hydrocarbons in Gasoline on Equity®-1 (15 m x 0.10 mm I.D., 0.10 μm), Fast GC Analysis

-Xylene; Nonane; Propylbenzene; Mesitylene; 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene; 1,2,3-Trimethylbenzene; 1,3-Diethylbenzene; 1,4-Dimethyl-2-ethylbenzene; 1,2-Dimethyl-4-ethylbenzene; Durene; 1,2,3,5-Tetramethylbenzene; 1,2,3,5-Tetramethylbenzene; 2-Methylnaphthalene (β)

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