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60370

Sigma-Aldrich

Potassium hydroxide

puriss. p.a., ≥86% (T), pellets

Synonym(s):
Caustic potash
Linear Formula:
KOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
56.11
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
38100303
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 719 °C)

grade

puriss. p.a.

assay

≥86% (T)

form

pellets

impurities

≤0.0005% total nitrogen (N)
≤0.6% potassium carbonate (K2CO3)

pH

~13.5 (25 °C, 5.6 g/L)

mp

361 °C (lit.)

solubility

alcohol: soluble(lit.)
water: soluble(lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤50 mg/kg
phosphate (PO43-): ≤5 mg/kg
silicate (as SiO2): ≤5 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤40 mg/kg

cation traces

Ag: ≤5 mg/kg
Al: ≤5 mg/kg
Ba: ≤5 mg/kg
Bi: ≤5 mg/kg
Ca: ≤10 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
Hg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Li: ≤5 mg/kg
Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
Mo: ≤5 mg/kg
Na: ≤5000 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Sr: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

SMILES string

[OH-].[K+]

InChI

1S/K.H2O/h;1H2/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

KWYUFKZDYYNOTN-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Potassium hydroxide (KOH, Caustic potash) is a base. It is a water absorbing, colorless solid having rhombic crystals. It has been synthesized by reacting potassium carbonate with calcium hydroxide. It is widely employed for the manufacture of dyes and pigments. Pulverized KOH may be used for the preparation of chalcones.

Application

Potassium hydroxide (KOH) may be employed for the following studies:
  • As an etching agent for the laser modified silica glass. It selectively facilitates etching on exposure to femtosecond laser.
  • As a catalyst for the transformation of palm oil along with methanol to methyl esters, via transesterification reaction.
  • Preparation of potassium hydroxide catalyst supported on palm shell activated carbon, which is used for the transesterification of palm oil.
  • To improve the catalytic efficacy of X, Y and ZSM (Zeolite Socony Mobil)-5 zeolites during the synthesis of methyl methacrylate.

Other Notes

Reagent for the decomposition of silicates by fusion

Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1A

Storage Class Code

8A - Combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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