MilliporeSigma
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60130

Sigma-Aldrich

Potassium chloride

puriss. p.a., ≥99.5% (AT)

Linear Formula:
KCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
74.55
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

puriss. p.a.

assay

≥99.5% (AT)

form

powder or crystals

impurities

≤0.001% total nitrogen (N)

pH

5.5-8.0 (20 °C, 50 mg/mL in H2O)

mp

770 °C (lit.)

density

1.98 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

bromide (Br-): ≤700 mg/kg
iodide (I-): ≤20 mg/kg
phosphate (PO43-): ≤5 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤30 mg/kg

cation traces

Ca: ≤50 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤2 mg/kg
Mg: ≤10 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
Na: ≤200 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

SMILES string

[Cl-].[K+]

InChI

1S/ClH.K/h1H;/q;+1/p-1

InChI key

WCUXLLCKKVVCTQ-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Potassium chloride, an alkali metal halide, is a colorless crystalline salt. Its solubility in water is directly proportional to increase in temperature. It can be prepared from potassium hydroxide, via neutralization reaction with HCl. Calorimetric estimation of the enthalpy of solution of potassium chloride in water has been described.

Application

Potassium chloride may be used in the preparation of fertilizer, potassium hydroxide, potassium carbonate and other potassium salts. It may be used in the calorimetric determination of enthalpy and heat capacity values during the deprotonation (loss of proton H+) of buffers. From these values temperature dependence of the pH of these buffers was calculated.
May be used for the preparation of phosphate buffered saline, and for the extraction and solubilization of proteins.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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