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33553

Sigma-Aldrich

Pyridine

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.5% (GC)

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C5H5N
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
79.10
Beilstein:
103233
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

Quality Level

Agency

reag. Ph. Eur.

vapor density

2.72 (vs air)

vapor pressure

10 mmHg ( 13.2 °C)
20 mmHg ( 25 °C)

assay

≥99.5% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

899 °F

expl. lim.

12.4 %

impurities

≤0.0005% KMnO4 red. matter (as O)
≤0.002% ammonia (NH3)
≤0.002% non-volatile matter
≤0.01% piperidine (GC)
≤0.1% water (Karl Fischer)
≤0.2% 2-picoline (GC)

refractive index

n20/D 1.509 (lit.)

pH

8.5 (25 °C, 15.82 g/L)

bp

115 °C (lit.)

mp

−42 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: in accordance

density

0.978 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤5 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤5 mg/kg

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
B: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.03 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sn: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

C1=CN=CC=C1

InChI

1S/C5H5N/c1-2-4-6-5-3-1/h1-5H

InChI key

JUJWROOIHBZHMG-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Pyridine is a basic N-heterocyclic compound. It acts as a nitrogen donor ligand and forms many metal-pyridine complexes. Its complexes having tetrahedral and octahedral geometries can be differentiated by infrared spectral investigations.[89]

Application

Pyridine (py) may be used in the preparation of vanadium oxide nanoparticles[91] and iron benzenedicarboxylates, Fe(OH)(BDC)(py)0.85 (BDC = 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate, py = pyridine).[92] It may be employed as a catalyst in Knoevenagel condensation reaction.[44]

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

68.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

20 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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