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X100PC

Sigma-Aldrich

Triton X-100

peroxide- and carbonyl-free

Synonym(s):
t-Octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol, Polyethylene glycol tert-octylphenyl ether
Linear Formula:
t-Oct-C6H4-(OCH2CH2)xOH, x= 9-10
CAS Number:
Beilstein:
2315025
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

description

non-ionic

form

liquid

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 80,000
average mol wt 625

packaging

ampule of 5, 5x5, 10x5 mL

aggregation number

100-155

CMC

0.2-0.9 mM (20-25°C)

transition temp

cloud point 65 °C
pour point ~7 °C

solubility

water: soluble

HLB

13.5

SMILES string

CC(C)(C)CC(C)(C)c1ccc(OCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCO)cc1

InChI

1S/C28H50O8/c1-27(2,3)24-28(4,5)25-6-8-26(9-7-25)36-23-22-35-21-20-34-19-18-33-17-16-32-15-14-31-13-12-30-11-10-29/h6-9,29H,10-24H2,1-5H3

InChI key

HNLXNOZHXNSSPN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Triton X-100 is a common non-ionic surfactant and emulsifier which is often used in biochemical applications to solubilize proteins. It is considered a comparatively mild detergent, non-denaturing, and is reported in numerous references as a routinely added reagent. It is utilized for lysing cells to extract protein and cellular organelles. It can also permeabilize the living cell membrane for transfection.

Application

0·3% Triton X-100 in TBS has been used for permeabilization of retinas before immunostaining. 0.5% Triton X-100 has been used for astrocyte cell lysis.

Packaging

5, 5×5, 10×5 mL in ampule
Packaged in ampules under Argon.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Widely used non-ionic surfactant for recovery of membrane components under mild non-denaturing conditions.

Legal Information

Triton is a trademark of The Dow Chemical Company or an affiliated company of Dow

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN 3082 9 / PGIII

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

483.8 °F

Flash Point(C)

251 °C

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Cytotoxicity of bilirubin for human fibroblasts and rat astrocytes in culture. Effect of the ratio of bilirubin to serum albumin.
Chuniaud L, et al.
Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry, 256(2), 103-114 (1996)
Quantitative ex vivo detection of rodent retinal ganglion cells by immunolabeling Brn-3b.
Experimental Eye Research, 79(1), 131-140 (2004)
Adeno-associated virus mediated SOD gene therapy protects the retinal ganglion cells from chronic intraocular pressure elevation induced injury via attenuating oxidative stress and improving mitochondrial dysfunction in a rat model.
American Journal of Translational Research, 8(2), 799-799 (2016)
Triton X-100 concentration effects on membrane permeability of a single HeLa cell by scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM).
Koley D and Bard AJ
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 107, 16783-16783 (2010)
The size, shape, and hydration of nonionic surfactant micelles. Triton X-100.
Robson RJ and Dennis EA
The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 81, 1075-1078 (1977)

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