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STS0200

Sigma-Aldrich

ECO TWEEN® 20

greener alternative

viscous liquid

Synonym(s):
TWEEN® 20, Polyethylene glycol sorbitan monolaurate, Polyoxyethylenesorbitan monolaurate
CAS Number:
MDL number:

Quality Level

description

non-ionic

assay

≥40.0% (GC)

form

viscous liquid

mol wt

~1228

composition

lauric acid, ≥40% (balance primarily myristic, palmitic, and stearic acids)

greener alternative product characteristics

Use of Renewable Feedstocks
Design for Degradation
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.

impurities

≤3.0% water

refractive index

n20/D 1.468 (lit.)

CMC

0.06 mM (20-25°C)

acid number

≤2.2 mg KOH/g

hydroxyl value

96‑108 mg KOH/g

transition temp

cloud point 76 °C

density

1.095 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

HLB

16.7

greener alternative category

Aligned

InChI

1S/C26H50O10/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-24(30)34-19-18-31-20-22(32-15-12-27)26-25(35-17-14-29)23(21-36-26)33-16-13-28/h22-23,25-29H,2-21H2,1H3

InChI key

HMFKFHLTUCJZJO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Related Categories

General description

We are committed to bringing you Greener Alternative Products, which adhere to one or more of The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry. This product is a biobased surfactant and is aligned with the 7th principle of Green Chemistry "Use of Renewable Feedstocks" and the 10th principle "Design for Degradation".

TWEEN 20 is a polyoxyethylene sorbitol ester that belongs to the polysorbate family. It is a nonionic detergent having a molecular weight of 1,225 daltons, assuming 20 ethylene oxide units, 1 sorbitol, and 1 lauric acid as the primary fatty acid. The ethylene oxide subunits are responsible for the hydrophilic nature of the surfactant, while the hydrocarbon chains provide the hydrophobic environment. Sorbitol forms the backbone ring to which the ethylene oxide polymers are attached.

Application

TWEEN 20 is a nonionic detergent widely used in biochemical applications. It has been used as an emulsifying agent for the preparation of stable oil-in-water emulsions. TWEEN 20 has been used in pre-extraction of membranes to remove peripheral proteins (used at 2% for extraction of membrane-bound proteins).
TWEEN 20 has been used as a blocking agent for membrane based immunoassays at a typical concentration of 0.05%. TWEEN 20 can be used for lysing mammalian cells at a concentration of 0.005 to 0.5%.
TWEEN 20 has been used as a component of:
  • washing buffer and blocking buffer in Western blotting
  • blocking buffer in immunohistochemistry
  • washing buffer in ELISA (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay)
  • reaction mixture in PCR (polymerase chain reaction)
Non-ionic detergent

Features and Benefits

  • 100 % Renewable
  • 100 % Bio-based
  • Certified to the USDA BioPreferred Program
  • Lower carbon footprint than petrochemical-based versions

Preparation Note

TWEEN 20 is miscible in water (100mg/mL), yielding a clear, yellow solution. It is also miscible with alcohol, dioxane, and ethyl acetate. TWEEN 20 is insoluble in liquid paraffin and fixed oils.

Legal Information

TWEEN is a registered trademark of Croda International PLC

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

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