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RDD043

Sigma-Aldrich

Acetylcholine chloride

≥99% (TLC), free-flowing, Redi-Dri

Synonym(s):
ACh
Linear Formula:
(CH3)3N+CH2CH2OCOCH3Cl-
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
181.66
Beilstein:
3571875
MDL number:

product line

Redi-Dri

Quality Level

assay

≥99% (TLC)

quality

free-flowing

mp

146-150 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 100 mg/mL

SMILES string

[Cl-].CC(=O)OCC[N+](C)(C)C

InChI

1S/C7H16NO2.ClH/c1-7(9)10-6-5-8(2,3)4;/h5-6H2,1-4H3;1H/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

JUGOREOARAHOCO-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter released at nerve endings in both the central and peripheral nervous systems. Acetylcholine chloride (C7H16ClNO2) is a stable cholinergic agonist with muscarinic and nicotinic actions. It is available as white or off-white hygroscopic crystals, or as a crystalline powder. Acetylcholine chloride is hygroscopic in nature and is highly soluble in water, alcohol, propylene glycol and chloroform.

Application

Acetylcholine chloride has been used:
  • as an agent to trigger sudomotor axon reflex response during autonomic test
  • to induce contraction amplitude of pyloric circular smooth muscle strip (PCSMS) in rats
  • as a substrate for acetylcholinesterase
  • to stimulate after discharge in Aplysia bag cell neurons

Biochem/physiol Actions

Acetylcholine chloride, injected at 20 mg/kg body weight, reduces mortality and plasma proinflammatory cytokines in mice with experimentally-induced sepsis . The cholinergic anti-inflammatory mechanism is probably mediated by interaction of acetylcholine with α7n cholinoreceptor on monocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils, which decreases the levels of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6.

Caution

Very hygroscopic

Legal Information

Redi-Dri is a trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

More documents

Quotes and Ordering

Diarrhoea of famine and malnutrition--investigations using a rat model. 2--Ileal hypersecretion induced by starvation.
Young A and Levin RJ
Gut, 31(2), 162-169 (1990)
Stability of acetylcholine chloride solution in autonomic testing
Sletten DM, et al.
Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 234(1-2), 1-3 (2005)
Acetylcholine-evoked afterdischarge in Aplysia bag cell neurons
White SH and Magoski NS
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology (2012)
Qing Cao et al.
Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology, 23(14), 1797-1805 (2016-12-04)
Radix Polygalae, the dried root of Polygala tenuifolia, has been extensively used as a traditional Chinese medicine for promoting intelligence and tranquilization. Polygalasaponins extracted from the root of P. tenuifolia possess evident anxiolytic and sedative-hypnotic activities. Previous studies have reported
Acetylcholine Chloride: Physical Profile
Profiles of Drug Substances, Excipients, and Related Methodology, 31, 1-19 (2005)

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