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41019

Supelco

Melting point standard 235-237°C

analytical standard

Synonym(s):
Caffeine, 1,3,7-Trimethylxanthine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C8H10N4O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
194.19
Beilstein:
17705
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

Quality Level

grade

analytical standard

form

neat

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

mp

234-236.5 °C (lit.)
235-237 °C (±0.3°C)

Featured Industry

Food and Beverages
Pharmaceutical

format

neat

SMILES string

CN1C(=O)N(C)c2ncn(C)c2C1=O

InChI

1S/C8H10N4O2/c1-10-4-9-6-5(10)7(13)12(3)8(14)11(6)2/h4H,1-3H3

InChI key

RYYVLZVUVIJVGH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Melting point standard 235-237 °C, caffeine is useful to calibrate melting point instruments, in the thermodynamic mode of measurement. The value of its melting point is determined with an average of 6 to 12 measurements using a Büchi B-545 instrument that is calibrated against primary standards.

Application

Caffeine melting point standard 235-237 °C finds its use in the characterization of pure chemicals and pharmaceutical compounds.

Biochem/physiol Actions

A central nervous system stimulant believed to act through adenosine receptors and monoamine neurotransmitters. It is an adenosine receptor antagonist and adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Thus, levels of cAMP increase in cells following treatment with caffeine. It has been reported to affect cellular calcium levels, releasing calcium from intracellular stores. It overrides the cell cycle effects of various chemicals such as protease inhibitors, preventing apoptosis; and it has been shown to inhibit cellular DNA repair mechanisms.

Features and Benefits

  • Melting point calibration standard traceable to primary standards (LGC, London)
  • Grade: Analytical Standard
  • Standard deviation up to ± 0.3 °C
  • Provided with certificates of analysis and safety data sheet

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Rohit A Sinha et al.
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.), 59(4), 1366-1380 (2013-08-10)
Caffeine is one of the world's most consumed drugs. Recently, several studies showed that its consumption is associated with lower risk for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), an obesity-related condition that recently has become the major cause of liver disease...
Peigen Yu et al.
Food chemistry, 155, 9-16 (2014-03-07)
Thirty-nine non-volatile compounds in seven ready-to-drink (RTD) green tea samples were analysed and quantified using liquid chromatography. Taste reconstruction experiments using thirteen selected compounds were conducted to identify the key non-volatile tastants. Taste profiles of the reconstructed samples did not...
Jonathan M Hodgson et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 97(5), 943-950 (2013-04-05)
Measures of blood pressure variation have been associated with cardiovascular disease and related outcomes. The regular consumption of black tea can lower blood pressure, but its effects on blood pressure variation have yet to be investigated. We aimed to assess...
Nicolas Bousette et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 229(3), 374-383 (2013-09-17)
Calnexin (CNX) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) quality control chaperone that has been implicated in ER stress. ER stress is a prominent pathological feature of various pathologic conditions, including cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of CNX and ER stress has...
Louise A Horrigan et al.
Pharmacology & therapeutics, 111(3), 877-892 (2006-03-17)
Caffeine is a member of the methylxanthine family of drugs, and is the most widely consumed behaviourally active substance in the western world. This article is focused on the impact of caffeine on immune function. In this regard, a number...

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