All Photos(1)

27602

Sigma-Aldrich

Caffeine

anhydrous, tested according to Ph. Eur.

Synonym(s):
Coffeinum, 1,3,7-Trimethylxanthine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C8H10N4O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
194.19
Beilstein:
17705
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

anhydrous

Agency/Method

EPA 1694
USP/NF
tested according to Ph. Eur.

form

powder

mp

234-236.5 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: soluble 18.7 g/L at 16 °C

Featured Industry

Environmental

SMILES string

CN1C(=O)N(C)c2ncn(C)c2C1=O

InChI

1S/C8H10N4O2/c1-10-4-9-6-5(10)7(13)12(3)8(14)11(6)2/h4H,1-3H3

InChI key

RYYVLZVUVIJVGH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

Caffeine has been used as a radiosensitizing agent utilized for studying its impact in inhibiting the catalytic activity of ATM and ATR Kinase. CTGF is an important modulator protein of fibrogenic TGF-β. Hence, this product has also been used for examining the caffeine-dependent regulation of CTGF expression in rat hepatocytes.

Biochem/physiol Actions

A central nervous system stimulant believed to act through adenosine receptors and monoamine neurotransmitters. It is an adenosine receptor antagonist and adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Thus, levels of cAMP increase in cells following treatment with caffeine. It has been reported to affect cellular calcium levels, releasing calcium from intracellular stores. It overrides the cell cycle effects of various chemicals such as protease inhibitors, preventing apoptosis; and it has been shown to inhibit cellular DNA repair mechanisms.
Caffeine is a central nervous system stimulant, adenosine receptor antagonist as well as adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase inhibitor. It stimulates the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-release channel which facilitates the excitation-contraction coupling in cardiac muscle. It has also been reported to affect cellular calcium levels, releasing calcium from intracellular stores. Caffeine overrides the cell cycle effects of various chemicals such as protease inhibitors, preventing apoptosis; and it has been shown to inhibit cellular DNA repair mechanisms.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

J N Sarkaria et al.
Cancer research, 59(17), 4375-4382 (1999-09-15)
Caffeine exposure sensitizes tumor cells to ionizing radiation and other genotoxic agents. The radiosensitizing effects of caffeine are associated with the disruption of multiple DNA damage-responsive cell cycle checkpoints. The similarity of these checkpoint defects to those seen in ataxia-telangiectasia...
E Rousseau et al.
The American journal of physiology, 256(2 Pt 2), H328-H333 (1989-02-01)
Caffeine is thought to affect excitation-contraction coupling in cardiac muscle by activating the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-release channel. The effect of caffeine at the single channel level was studied by incorporating canine cardiac SR vesicles into planar lipid bilayers. Cardiac...
C P Selby et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 87(9), 3522-3525 (1990-05-01)
Caffeine potentiates the mutagenic and lethal effects of genotoxic agents. It is thought that this is due, at least in some organisms, to inhibition of DNA repair. However, direct evidence for inhibition of repair enzymes has been lacking. Using purified...
Olav A Gressner et al.
Journal of hepatology, 49(5), 758-767 (2008-05-20)
Epidemiological studies suggest that coffee drinking is inversely correlated with the risk of development of liver fibrosis but the molecular basis is unknown. We investigated the pharmacological mechanisms involved in caffeine-dependent regulation of CTGF expression, an important modulator protein of...
France Denoeud et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6201), 1181-1184 (2014-09-06)
Coffee is a valuable beverage crop due to its characteristic flavor, aroma, and the stimulating effects of caffeine. We generated a high-quality draft genome of the species Coffea canephora, which displays a conserved chromosomal gene order among asterid angiosperms. Although...

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