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W222119

Sigma-Aldrich

Butyric acid

natural, ≥99%, FCC, FG

Linear Formula:
CH3CH2CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
88.11
FEMA Number:
2221
Beilstein:
906770
EC Number:
Council of Europe no.:
5c
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
8.005
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

FG
Halal
Kosher
natural

agency

follows IFRA guidelines
meets purity specifications of JECFA

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1223/2009
EU Regulation 1334/2008 & 178/2002
FCC
FDA 21 CFR 117

vapor density

3.04 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.43 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

824 °F

expl. lim.

10 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.398 (lit.)

pH

2 (25 °C, 10 g/L)
3 (20 °C, 10  g/L)

bp

162 °C (lit.)

mp

−6-−3 °C (lit.)

density

0.964 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

As: ≤3 ppm
Cd: ≤1 ppm
Hg: ≤1 ppm
Pb: ≤10 ppm

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

Organoleptic

cheese; fruity; buttery

application(s)

flavors and fragrances

food allergen

no known allergens

fragrance allergen

no known allergens

SMILES string

CCCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C4H8O2/c1-2-3-4(5)6/h2-3H2,1H3,(H,5,6)

InChI key

FERIUCNNQQJTOY-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... HDAC1(3065)

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Related Categories

General description

Butyric acid is a volatile fatty acid that can be used as a flavoring agent. It has fruity or cheesy flavor and is mainly found in dairy products.

Packaging

1 kg in glass bottle
5, 10, 25 kg in composite drum

Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B

Storage Class Code

8A - Combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

161.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

72 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Burdock GA
Encyclopedia of Food and Color Additives, 1, 359-360 (1997)
Effect of fat content on odor intensity of three aroma compounds in model emulsions: ?-decalactone, diacetyl, and butyric acid.
Guyot C, et al.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 44(8), 2341-2348 (1996)
Gili Berkovitch et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 51(23), 7356-7369 (2008-11-15)
Multifunctional acyloxyalkyl ester prodrugs of 5-aminolevulinic acid in cancer cell lines inhibited the proteasome and induced apoptosis and heme synthesis. The most potent prodrug was butyryloxymethyl 5-amino-4-oxopentanoate (1a). The metabolically released formaldehyde from the prodrugs was the dominant factor affecting
Effects of volatile fatty acid concentrations on methane yield and methanogenic bacteria
Wang Y, et al
Biomass and Bioenergy, 33(5), 848-853 (2009)
Hans G Cruz et al.
Nature neuroscience, 7(2), 153-159 (2004-01-28)
The rewarding effect of drugs of abuse is mediated by activation of the mesolimbic dopamine system, which is inhibited by putative anti-craving compounds. Interestingly, different GABA(B) receptor agonists can exert similarly opposing effects on the reward pathway, but the cellular

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