Dr. Andreas Bubert, Barbara Gerten
New Food 2016:Issue 3
In May 2014, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) published the revised EN ISO 11133, which is now a full standard and as such mandatory for all accredited laboratories that perform microbiological testing of food, animal feed or water using culture media. It has been completely restructured, clarifying procedures and drawing a clear line between the responsibilities of the laboratories and the manufacturers/suppliers of culture media. The ultimate aim of the new standard is to further improve the safety of the food and beverage products we consume.
1. What is the new standard?
The new EN ISO 11133:2014 Quality-assured culture media for food and water testing to enhance consumer safety The one-part EN ISO 11133:2014, titled “Microbiology of food, animal feed and water – preparation, production, storage and performance testing of culture media”, was compiled by a joint ISO working group from food and water standardization. It applies to culture media intended for the microbiological analysis of food for human consumption, animal feed and samples from the manufacturing environment of such products, as well as of all kinds of water for consumption or use in food production. It covers all culture media formats, ranging from dehydrated and ready-to-use media for classical microbiological methods to media for alternative testing techniques.
2. What are the objectives of the standard?
There are two guiding principles in this regulation: Media preparation and performance testing. For example, very practical guidance is provided for the testing of water quality for media preparation, pH adjustments, storage of prepared plates, tubes and bottles.
The second guiding principle is that performance testing conditions should resemble the intended sample testing conditions as closely as possible, leading to more accurate and meaningful results. As a consequence, culture media for quantitative testing must now be tested quantitatively, and those used in conjunction with membrane filters must be tested in combination with these filters. Another objective is to specify the requirements in more detail and describe the practical aspects. Step-by-step instructions, complemented by flow charts, are provided for performing and evaluating performance tests. The standard contains comprehensive tables for the specifications for most culture media, not only for food but now for water microbiology as well.
3. What has been included in the new standard?
In addition to the medium’s target microorganism and the relevant ISO standard, these tables show each medium’s functions to be tested (productivity, selectivity, specificity), the appropriate control strains for these functions, including their World Data Centre for Microorganisms (WDCM) numbers, as well as the test criteria and/or characteristic reactions and other practical information. EN ISO 11133 now also contains hands-on, detailed instructions for the maintenance of microbial strains as well as the preparation and standardization of working cultures and inoculation suspensions. The standard specifies the optimal number of colony forming units (cfu) per plate or membrane filter and describes how productivity ratios and limits are determined.
4. What does this change mean for labs?
An ever-increasing number of laboratories source their culture media from suppliers to simplify their workflows and ensure high quality and batch-to-batch consistency of the media they use. EN ISO 11133:2014 takes account of this development by stipulating requirements not only for laboratories that prepare their media in-house but also for manufacturers. With a clear line drawn between the quality assurance responsibilities of users and suppliers, lab managers can now reliably assess which duties and responsibilities no longer apply when they decide to procure culture media. For labs that produce their own culture media, it is usually sufficient to test each batch with a single test strain named in the standard, whereas manufacturers are expected to perform tests using several microorganisms. However, both labs must meet the specified productivity and selectivity to a level as described for each test organism.
5. Are extensive tests required by all labs?
For all ISO 11133:2014 compliant culture media they provide, suppliers need to conduct rigorous qualitative and/or quantitative testing. However, ready-to-use media allow laboratories to rely on the performance tests that the manufacturer conducts as long as the transport conditions are observed and the manufacturer’s QC test is performed according to the requirements of EN ISO 11133. The end user needs to make sure that testing was performed according to the requirements of the standard. A supporting document that the manufacturer provides to the end user is the quality control certificate. It discloses the test organisms used, the inoculation levels, the acceptance criteria of the performance tests and the test results.
A pre-condition for this “outsourcing” of quality control is that the supplier must have an appropriate quality system such as ISO 9001 in place. However, several countries (e.g. Germany) are requesting from 2017 the superior ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation on the methods of EN ISO 11133 for the supplier QC labs to allow this outsourcing of the quality control. If a batch of culture medium is released by an ISOIEC 17025-accredited supplier QC lab, it is granted that all requirements of EN ISO 11133 are followed.
6. How are we fulfilling this new regulation with our culture media?
As a worldwide leading provider of a broad range of dehydrated granulated and ready-to-use culture media for food, beverages and water microbiology, we closely track and support the development of relevant standards aimed to increase consumer confidence and safety. We have recently updated all the requirements that the new EN ISO 11133:2014 demands of its product portfolio. Both of our QC labs in Germany are now ISO/IEC 17025 accredited for performance testing of dehydrated and ready-to-use media listed in EN ISO 11133:2014. We recently introduced GranuCult™ (for granulated media) and ReadyTubeTM and ReadyPlateTM (for ready-to-use media) as brand names. Both the new existing brands Readybag® and Chromocult® are used for culture media listed in major regulatory standards (e.g,. ISO, FDA-BAM, USDA-FSIS) to enable immediate recognition of regulatory compliance. We are also trendsetters, providing customers with full compliance documentation. The compliance to ISO 111333:2014 and/or to individual standards is visible on the new Certificate of Analysis, Technical Data Sheet and on the updated product label and supports user labs during audits and inspections.
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