HomeThin Layer ChromatographySildenafil Citrate USP Method Using HPTLC Plates for the Limit of Imidazole Test

Sildenafil Citrate USP Method Using HPTLC Plates for the Limit of Imidazole Test

Sanjay Poman


Sildenafil, sold under the brand name Viagra, among others, is a medication that can be used as a selective inhibitor of cyclic GMP- specific photodiesterase (type V) with vasodilator action. It can be used to treat erectile dysfunction and pulmonary arterial hypertension. In 1994, Pfizer filed a patent covering the use of sildenafil to treat erectile dysfunction. This patent will expire in 2019.

In the present study we demonstrate compliance of silica gel 60 F254 HPTLC plates with USP requirements, and how HPTLC plates are suitable for the Sildenafil citrate- Limit of Imidazole test.

Sildenafil citrate

Figure 1.5-[2-ethoxy-5-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)sulfonylphenyl]-1-methyl-3-propyl-4H-pyrazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidin-7-one

TLC Plate after development

Figure 2.TLC Plate after development

System suitability (SST) chromatograms

Figure 3.System suitability (SST) chromatograms

Chromatographic Data (Standard Solution)

Figure 4.Chromatographic Data (Standard Solution)

Chromatographic Data (SST Solution)

Figure 5.Chromatographic Data (SST Solution)


  1. The principal spot in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution is not more intense than the principal spot from standard solution b, as expressed in the monograph acceptance criteria.
  2. Retardation factor (Rf) for imidazole and sildenafil is 0.3 & 0.5, respectively. The chromatogram should show two clearly separated zones, with Rf-values of about 0.25 and 0.4 for imidazole and sildenafil citrate, respectively (suitability requirements section).
  3. The silica gel HPTLC plates, combined with ethyl acetate and methanol of Lichrosolv quality provide reproducible results for the USP monograph method Sildenafil Citrate - limit of imidazole test and comply overall with USP requirements.