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HomeAnalytical Method: Lead in waste water with high concentrations of calcium

Analytical Method: Lead in waste water with high concentrations of calcium

Instruments and Reagents:

Cat.No. 173016 Spectroquant® VIS Spectrophotometer Prove 100 or

Cat.No. 173017 Spectroquant® UV/VIS Spectrophotometer Prove 300 or

Cat.No. 173018 Spectroquant® UV/VIS Spectrophotometer Prove 600 or

Cat.No. 109748 Spectroquant® Photometer NOVA 30 or

Cat.No. 109751 Spectroquant® Photometer NOVA 60 or

Cat.No. 173632 Spectroquant® Colorimeter Move 100

Cat.No. 114946 Rectangular cells 10 mm and/or

Cat.No. 114947 Rectangular cells 20 mm and/or

Cat.No. 114944 Rectangular cells 50 mm

Cat.No. 114833 Spectroquant® Lead Cell Test

Cat.No. 109717 Spectroquant® Lead Test

Cat.No. 106689 Sodium diethyldithiocarbaminate trihydrate for analysis

Cat.No. 100983 Ethanol for analysis

Cat.No. 109966 Nitric acid 1 mol/l

Cat.No. 109137 Sodium hydroxide solution 1 mol/l

Cat.No. 109535 MColorpHastTM Universal indicator strips pH 0 - 14

Cat.No. 116754 Water for analysis

Cat.No. 114724 Empty cells 16 mm with screw caps

Membranfilter 0.45 μm

Polyethylene syringe, 10 mL, with Luer cone

Thermoreactor

Sodium diethyldithiocarbaminate solution10 %:
Dissolve 5 g sodium diethyldithiocarbaminate trihydrate for analysis in 45 mL of water for analysis.

Waste water from the metal- and glass-processing industries are normally treated with milk of lime to precipitate metals. However, the resulting high concentrations of Ca2+ tend to interfere with the photometric determination of lead. The procedure described below avoids this type of interference.

Sample Preparation:

Add 10 drops of a 10 % solution of sodium diethyldithiocarbaminate solution to 10 mL of the sample solution, shake and aspirate into a 10 mL-PE syringe. Pass the syringe contents through a membrane filter, wash with 10 mL water for analysis and dispose of the filtrate and wash solution. Pass 5 mL ethanol through the same membrane filter. Collect the ethanolic filtrate in a 16-mm round cell, add 5 drops of nitric acid 1 mol/l and place in the thermoreactor at 100 °C for evaporation to dryness. Add 5 mL of water for analysis to the residue in the round cell and adjust the pH to the required value of 3 - 6 with sodium hydroxide solution. This can be checked using universal indicator strips. This solution can now be used directly for the determination of lead.

Analyze:

Determine with the above mentioned test kits.

Calculation:

Lead content in mg/l Pb = analysis value in mg/l Pb x 0.5

Materials
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