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Label-Free Ferrocene-Loaded Nanocarrier Engineering for In Vivo Cochlear Drug Delivery and Imaging.

Journal of pharmaceutical sciences (2016-07-28)
Ibrahima Youm, Umberto M Musazzi, Michael Anne Gratton, James B Murowchick, Bi-Botti C Youan
ABSTRACT

It is hypothesized that ferrocene (FC)-loaded nanocarriers (FC-NCs) are safe label-free contrast agents for cochlear biodistribution study by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). To test this hypothesis, after engineering, the poly(epsilon-caprolactone)/polyglycolide NCs are tested for stability with various types and ratios of sugar cryoprotectants during freeze-drying. Their physicochemical properties are characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDS). The biodistribution of the FC-NCs in the cochlear tissue after intratympanic injection in guinea pigs is visualized by TEM. Auditory brainstem responses are measured before and after 4-day treatments. These FC-NCs have 153.4 ± 8.7 nm, 85.5 ± 11.2%, and -22.1 ± 1.1 mV as mean diameters, percent drug association efficiency, and zeta potential, respectively (n = 3). The incorporation of FC into the NCs is confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and SEM/EDS spectra. Lactose (3:1 ratio, v/v) is the most effective stabilizer after a 12-day study. The administered NCs are visible by TEM in the scala media cells of the cochlea. Based on auditory brainstem response data, FC-NCs do not adversely affect hearing. Considering the electrondense, radioactive, and magnetic properties of iron inside FC, FC-NCs are promising nanotemplate for future inner ear theranostics.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Lactose Monohydrate, analytical standard