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  • Effects of elevated ultraviolet radiation on primary metabolites in selected alpine algae and cyanobacteria.

Effects of elevated ultraviolet radiation on primary metabolites in selected alpine algae and cyanobacteria.

Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B, Biology (2015-06-13)
Anja Hartmann, Andreas Albert, Markus Ganzera
ABSTRACT

Extremophilic green algae and cyanobacteria are the most abundant species in high mountain habitats, where rough climate conditions such as temperature differences, limited water retention and high ultraviolet (UV) radiation are the cause for a restricted biological diversity in favor of a few specialized autotrophic microorganisms. In this study, we investigated four algal species from alpine habitat in a sun simulator for their defense strategies in response to UV-A radiation (315-400nm) up to 13.4W/m(2) and UV-B radiation (280-315nm) up to 2.8W/m(2). Besides changes in pigment composition we discovered that primary polar metabolites like aromatic amino acids, nucleic bases and nucleosides are increasingly produced when the organisms are exposed to elevated UV radiation. Respective compounds were isolated and identified, and in order to quantify them an HPLC-DAD method was developed and validated. Our results show that especially tyrosine and guanosine were found to be generally two to three times upregulated in the UV-B exposed samples compared to the non-treated control.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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