A simple, rapid and sensitive method was developed for the simultaneous quantification of curdione, furanodiene and germacrone in rabbit plasma using a LC-MS/MS analysis. The plasma sample preparation was a simple deproteinization by the addition of 3 vols of acetonitrile followed by centrifugation. The analytes and internal standard (IS) costunolide were separated on a Zorbax SB-C18 column (3.5 µm, 2.1 × 100 mm) with mobile phase of methanol-water (90:10, v/v) containing 0.1% formic acid at a flow rate of 0.3 mL/min with an operating temperature of 25°C. Detection was carried out by atmospheric pressure chemical ionization in positive ion selected reaction monitoring mode. Linear detection responses were obtained for the three test compounds ranging from 5 to 5000 ng/mL and the lower limits of quantitation were 5-10 ng/mL. The intra- and inter-day precisions (relative standard deviations) were within 9.4% for all analytes, while the deviation of assay accuracies was within ±10.0%. The average recoveries of analytes were >80.0%. All analytes were proved to be stable during all sample storage, preparation and analytical procedures. The method was successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of the three compounds after vaginal drug delivery of Baofukang suppository to rabbit.