Several carbonaceous mesocellular foams (C-MCFs) were prepared with MCF-silica as template using the carbon precursors of sucrose, furfuryl alcohol and lab-made phenolic resin, and the corresponding C-MCFs were named as C-MCF-Suc, C-MCF-FA and C-MCF-PR, respectively. The results of SEM, transmission electron microscopy, N2 adsorption-desorption and energy-dispersive X-ray measurements indicated that the C-MCFs prepared from different carbon source appeared morphologically with different degree of order and different pore distribution. The C-MCF-FA exhibited the highest ordered structure and the smallest pore distribution among the foams. The optimum conditions for adsorption of C-MCFs on glucose oxidase (GOD) were also studied, and the maximum adsorbance was determined. The adsorption of GOD on C-MCF-FA was performed at different pH with different GOD concentrations. The maximum adsorption (423.3 mg g(-1)) was observed near the isoelectric point of the GOD (pI ≈ 5.0) with a GOD concentration of 6.0 mg mL(-1), suggesting that the GOD adsorption on C-MCFs might be affected strongly by the electric repulsion between the GOD molecules. Moreover, GOD adsorption performances on different C-MCFs revealed that both the pore size and the pore volume played important roles in the adsorption process, and the window size of C-MCFs dominated the residual immobilized amounts of GOD. Compared to the other two C-MCFs, the C-MCF-FA with a smaller window pore (10 nm) and higher volume (1.40 cm(3) g(-1)) exhibited the highest GOD adsorption and catalytic activity. Furthermore, the immobilized GOD exhibited improved thermal and storable stabilities. Thus the C-MCF-FA could be served as the prospective GOD carrier material used in enzymatic fuel cells.