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Plasma, blood and liver tissue sample preparation methods for the separate quantification of liposomal-encapsulated prednisolone phosphate and non-encapsulated prednisolone.

Journal of liposome research (2014-07-02)
Evelien A W Smits, José A Soetekouw, Peter F A Bakker, Bart J H Baijens, Herman Vromans
ABSTRACT

Besides the development of sample preparation methods for the determination of separate liposomal-encapsulated prednisolone phosphate and non-encapsulated prednisolone concentrations in murine plasma and blood, this article also presents the first description of an accurate sample preparation method for the determination of such separate concentrations in the murine liver. The quantitative differentiation is based on the immediate hydrolysis of prednisolone phosphate (PP) into prednisolone (P) after its release from the liposomes in vivo: PP represents the encapsulated drug, while P represents the non-encapsulated drug. The use of 10 ml methanol/g tissue during homogenization of liver tissue ensures complete liposome rupture, prevention of the dephosphorylation of PP released during homogenization, sufficient clean supernatants, excellent extraction of P and sufficient extraction of PP and excellent accuracies and precision complying with the internal guidelines for pre-clinical studies (80-120% and maximal 20%, respectively). Similarly, the matching sample preparation methods for plasma and blood involve protein precipitation with four equivalents of methanol also ensuring accuracies and precision complying with the internal guidelines for pre-clinical studies. Application of these sample preparation methods is going to generate the first pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of a liposomal preparation, in which the encapsulated and non-encapsulated drug concentrations in a tissue are measured separately. Such separated concentration profiles can gain important insights into the PKs of liposomal PP and probably also with regard to liposomal formulations in general, like the quantification of the in vivo drug release from the liposomes.

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