A simple and sensitive stability indicating HPLC method was developed and validated for quantitative determination of Nitazoxanide (NTZ), a new antiprotozoal drug, in presence of degradation products generated under forced alkaline hydrolysis. Chromatographic separation was achieved on Inertsil C8-3 column (150 × 4.6 mm i.d.) using a mobile phase composed of acetonitrile: 50 mM ammonium acetate buffer (50:50, v/v, pH 5.0 adjusted with acetic acid) at a flow rate of 1 mL/min. Quantification was achieved with UV detection at 298 nm based on relative peak area. The method was linear over the concentration range of 0.8-50 µg/mL (r = 0.9999) with a limit of detection and quantification 0.0410 and 0.1242 µg/mL, respectively. The developed method has the requisite accuracy, selectivity, sensitivity and precision to assay NTZ in presence of its degradation products either in bulk powder or in pharmaceutical formulations. The degradation products were then identified by HPLC-MS/MS analysis using an electrospray ionization source and an ion trap analyzer.
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