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Competitive inhibition of mushroom tyrosinase by 4-substituted benzaldehydes.

Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (2001-08-22)
M Jiménez, S Chazarra, J Escribano, J Cabanes, F García-Carmona
ABSTRACT

A kinetic study of the inhibition of mushroom tyrosinase by 4-substituted benzaldehydes showed that these compounds behave as classical competitive inhibitors, inhibiting the oxidation of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) by mushroom tyrosinase (o-diphenolase activity). The kinetic parameter (K(I)) characterizing this inhibition was evaluated for all of the seven compounds assayed. Cuminaldehyde showed the most potent inhibitory activity (K(I) = 9 microM). It also inhibited the oxidation of L-tyrosine by mushroom tyrosinase (o-monophenolase activity) in a competitive manner. The corresponding kinetic parameter for this inhibition was evaluated (K(I) = 0.12 mM).

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
4-Propoxybenzaldehyde, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
4-Butoxybenzaldehyde, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
4-Ethylbenzaldehyde, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
4-tert-Butylbenzaldehyde, 97%