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CSF Glucose Concentrations in Infants with Febrile Convulsions and the Possible Effect of Acetaminophen.

Indian pediatrics (2004-01-15)
Mahmoud Mohammadi, Mohammad R Mohebbi, Fariba Naderi
ABSTRACT

The present study was done to explore the relationship between the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) glucose concentration, body temperature, seizure duration, and acetaminophen administration. Retrospective record review of 117 consecutive febrile convulsive infants aging 3 to 18 months admitted to Bahrami Children Hospital were studied. There was a positive correlation between CSF glucose level and body temperature in those who had not taken acetaminophen before admission (r = 0.515, n = 83). CSF glucose levels were significantly higher (P = 0.014) in febrile children (75.33 mg/dL, n =70) as compared with afebrile children (66.16 mg/dL, n = 13). In those administered acetaminophen there was a negative correlation between the CSF glucose level and body temperature (r = - 0.389, P = 0.023, n = 34). CSF glucose concentration was not significantly different (P = 0.076) in those who had taken acetaminophen than those who had not taken. Type of febrile seizure, fever, convulsion duration and multiplicity were not significantly correlated with CSF glucose concentration.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Acetaminophen, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetaminophen, BioXtra, ≥99.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetaminophen, meets USP testing specifications, 98.0-102.0%, powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetaminophen, analytical standard
Paracetamol, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
Supelco
Acetaminophen solution, 1.0 mg/mL in methanol, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material, Cerilliant®