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General collection efficiency for liquid isooctane and tetramethylsilane in pulsed radiation.

Physics in medicine and biology (1997-11-19)
B Johansson, G Wickman, J Bahar-Gogani
ABSTRACT

The general collection efficiency in pulsed radiation was studied for isooctane (C8H18) and tetramethylsilane (Si(CH3)4). These two liquids were used as sensitive media in a parallel-plate liquid ionization chamber with a 1 mm sensitive layer. Measurements were carried out using 20 MV photon radiation from a linear accelerator with a pulse repetition frequency of 30 pulses/second and a pulse length of 3.5 microseconds. The general collection efficiency was determined for polarizing voltages in the interval 1000-2000 V for isooctane and 500-2000 V for tetramethylsilane and for pulse doses in the interval 0.06-1.9 mGy/pulse. An air ionization chamber was used as a pulse dose reference monitor. The experimental results were compared with those predicted by the equation for the general collection efficiency for gases in pulsed radiation, using the permittivity of each of the liquids. It was found that for general collection efficiencies down to 80% the differences between the predicted and experimental general collection efficiencies in the two liquids were within +/- 1% at electric field strengths exceeding 10(6) V m-1.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Tetramethylsilane, ACS reagent, NMR grade, ≥99.9%
Sigma-Aldrich
Tetramethylsilane, electronic grade, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Tetramethylsilane, ≥99.0% (GC)
Supelco
Tetramethylsilane, analytical standard, for NMR spectroscopy, ACS reagent