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  • Synthesis and structural analysis of five novel oligosaccharides prepared by glucosyltransfer from beta-D-glucose 1-phosphate to isokestose and nystose using Thermoanaerobacter brockii kojibiose phosphorylase.

Synthesis and structural analysis of five novel oligosaccharides prepared by glucosyltransfer from beta-D-glucose 1-phosphate to isokestose and nystose using Thermoanaerobacter brockii kojibiose phosphorylase.

Carbohydrate research (2003-04-12)
Hideki Okada, Eri Fukushi, Shuichi Onodera, Tomoyuki Nishimoto, Jun Kawabata, Masanori Kikuchi, Norio Shiomi
ABSTRACT

Five novel oligosaccharides (tetra-, penta- and hexa-saccharides) were synthesized by glucosyltransfer from beta-D-glucose 1-phosphate to isokestose (O-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)-O-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)-alpha-D-glucopyranoside) or nystose (O-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)-O-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)-O-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)-alpha-D-glucopyranoside) using Thermoanaerobacter brockii kojibiose phosphorylase. The oligosaccharides were identified as 2(2-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl)(m)isokestose; [O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)](m)-O-[beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)](2)-alpha-D-glucopyranoside: m=1, 2, and 3, and 2(2-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl)(n)nystose; [O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)](n)-O-[beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)](3)-alpha-D-glucopyranoside: n=1 and 2 using gas liquid chromatography analysis of the methyl derivatives, and MALDI-TOF-MS and NMR measurements of the newly formed oligosaccharides. 1H, 13C NMR signals of each saccharide were assigned using 2D-NMR techniques, including COSY, HSQC, HSQC-TOCSY, HMBC, CH(2)-selected E-HSQC, and CH(2)-selected E-HSQC-TOCSY.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Nystose, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Kojibiose, ≥98% (HPLC)