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Caffeine in Hair Care and Anticellulite Cosmetics: Sample Preparation, Solid-Phase Extraction, and HPLC Determination.

Journal of cosmetic science (2020-10-07)
Kristina Mladenov, Slavica SunariĆ
ABSTRACT

Caffeine is extensively used in cellulite and hair growth cosmetic products. Regulations in the field of cosmetics require manufacturers to list caffeine in the ingredient list on product labels, but its exact content in these products is not declared. On the other hand, daily exposure to caffeine from all sources may approach health reference values. For that reason, it is important to know the exact caffeine content in products for skin and hair care. Cosmetics are often viscous or semisolid products of very complex chemical composition. To analyze caffeine in these complex sample matrices by liquid chromatographic methods, an extraction step is often necessary. This article presents the applicability of the solid-phase extraction (SPE) procedure for the caffeine extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) determination in anticellulite gels, shampoos, and hair balsam. The samples of gels were centrifuged after ammonia addition to precipitate carbomer. In cellulite reduction, gel caffeine content was found to be in the range of 0.7-1.7%, whereas in the hair-care products, it was about 1.0%.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Visiprep SPE Vacuum Manifold, standard, 12-port model