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Siyuan Li et al.
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 7(7), CD008800-CD008800 (2013-07-03)
Acetaminophen is frequently prescribed for treating patients with the common cold, but there is little evidence as to whether it is effective. To determine the efficacy and safety of acetaminophen in the treatment of the common cold in adults. We
R Pellicano
Minerva gastroenterologica e dietologica, 60(4), 255-261 (2014-11-12)
Gastrointestinal (GI) damage by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is an important Public Health problem due to morbility and elevated mortality rate. The logic behind the development and sale of molecules which are selective cyclooxegnase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors called coxibs, is to
Naomi L Kruhlak et al.
Toxicology mechanisms and methods, 18(2-3), 217-227 (2008-01-01)
ABSTRACT Drug-induced phospholipidosis (PL) is a condition characterized by the accumulation of phospholipids and drug in lysosomes, and is found in a variety of tissue types. PL is frequently manifested in preclinical studies and may delay or prevent the development
Yiming Jiang et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 231, 83-89 (2015-03-11)
Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose is the most frequent cause of drug-induced acute liver failure. Schisandra fructus is widely-used traditional Chinese medicine which possesses hepato-protective potential. Schisandrin A (SinA), Schisandrin B (SinB), Schisandrin C (SinC), Schisandrol A (SolA), Schisandrol B (SolB), and
David S Wishart et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 871(2), 164-173 (2008-05-27)
With continuing improvements in analytical technology and an increased interest in comprehensive metabolic profiling of biofluids and tissues, there is a growing need to develop comprehensive reference resources for certain clinically important biofluids, such as blood, urine and cerebrospinal fluid
Ramakrishna Nirogi et al.
Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems, 45(2), 95-106 (2014-07-30)
1. Chemical inhibition is the widely used method in reaction phenotyping assays for estimation of specific enzyme contribution to a given metabolic pathway. The results from phenotyping assays depend on the selectivity of chemical inhibitor and the concentration of inhibitor used
C Mattia et al.
Minerva medica, 105(6), 501-513 (2014-11-14)
Acute pain of mild to moderate intensity is one of the problems most frequently encountered in primary care and emergency medicine and is a major reason of request for visit by patients. In recent years the focus has been more
J F Maempel et al.
Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, 97(8), 563-567 (2015-10-16)
Enhanced recovery programmes (ERPs) are being widely adopted in total knee replacement (TKR) procedures but studies confirming that they have no adverse effects on functional outcomes are lacking. The aim of this study was to compare length of stay, postoperative
Renata Polaniak et al.
Polski merkuriusz lekarski : organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego, 33(198), 346-348 (2013-02-27)
Paracetamol (Acetaminophen, PC) is metabolized in liver to N-acetyl-p-benzoquinon-imine (NAPQI), that is in turn conjugated by glutathione S-transferase with glutathione. NAPQI inhibits the respiratory chain. It may cause a 90% decrease of ATP concentration in mitochondria of hepatocytes. The oxidation
Van-Long Truong et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 62(34), 8668-8678 (2014-08-15)
Procyanidins, polymeric flavan-3-ols, are known to possess antioxidant, antiatherogenic, and anticarcinogenic properties. In the present study, we investigated the role of almond (Prunus amygdalus) skin procyanidins (ASP) in regulating the protein expression of phase II detoxifying and antioxidant enzymes in
Samuel O Kyeremateng et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(9), 2847-2858 (2014-03-19)
A novel empirical analytical approach for estimating solubility of crystalline drugs in polymers has been developed. The approach utilizes a combination of differential scanning calorimetry measurements and a reliable mathematical algorithm to construct complete solubility curve of a drug in
Margarida Galhetas et al.
Journal of colloid and interface science, 433, 94-103 (2014-08-13)
The high carbon contents and low toxicity levels of chars from coal and pine gasification provide an incentive to consider their use as precursors of porous carbons obtained by chemical activation with K2CO3. Given the chars characteristics, previous demineralization and
Anne-Charlotte Dubbelman et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1374, 122-133 (2014-12-02)
The present study investigated the practical use of modern ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) separation techniques for drug metabolite profiling, aiming to develop a widely applicable, high-throughput, easy-to-use chromatographic method, with a high chromatographic resolution to accommodate simultaneous qualitative and
Patients in pain that refuse acetaminophen at triage.
François Lecomte et al.
The American journal of emergency medicine, 32(4), 388-389 (2014-01-29)
Kentaro Igami et al.
The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology, 67(4), 565-572 (2014-12-17)
This work aimed at evaluating the effect of fermented ginseng (FG) and fermented red ginseng (FRG) against rat liver injury caused by paracetamol (acetaminophen (APAP)). Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in the serum and histopathological changes in the
Joy Eliaerts et al.
Drug testing and analysis, 9(10), 1480-1489 (2016-12-16)
Traditionally, fast screening for the presence of cocaine in unknown powders is performed by means of colour tests. The major drawbacks of these tests are subjective colour evaluation depending on the operator ('50 shades of blue') and a lack of
Rational prescribing.
Charles R Meyer
Minnesota medicine, 96(3), 4-4 (2013-08-13)
Daniel Caldeira et al.
Thrombosis research, 135(1), 58-61 (2014-12-03)
Acetaminophen is a commonly prescribed and over-the-count used drug, and is considered to be the preferred treatment choice for anticoagulated patients requiring analgesic drug therapy. However, observational data have suggested that this drug combination may increase the International Normalized Ratio
G Oldenbeuving et al.
Anaesthesia and intensive care, 42(4), 507-511 (2014-06-27)
Lactate can substitute for glucose as a metabolic substrate. We report a patient with acute liver failure who was awake despite a glucose level of 0.7 mmol/l with very high lactate level of 25 mmol/l. The hypoglycaemia+hyperlactataemia combination may be
Sonia Goineau et al.
Fundamental & clinical pharmacology, 29(1), 86-94 (2014-06-13)
Several methods are used to evaluate gastric emptying (GE) in rats, which is an important endpoint in preclinical drug development. Although phenol red model or monitoring of plasma acetaminophen levels are well-established procedures for GE assessment, their capacity to detect
M Lifshitz et al.
Therapeutic drug monitoring, 21(5), 544-546 (1999-10-16)
This study was designed to measure acetaminophen (paracetamol) levels in tears, and to compare it to serum levels. Paracetamol levels were measured in 20 paired tears and serum samples from 10 healthy volunteers, 1 and 2 hours after ingesting 1.5
Christine Kohl et al.
Psychoneuroendocrinology, 55, 128-143 (2015-03-15)
Early-life stress is a key risk factor for the development of neuropsychiatric disorders later in life. Neuronal cell adhesion molecules have been strongly implicated in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders and in modulating social behaviors associated with these diseases. Neuroligin-2
Christian Sinning et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 51(24), 7800-7805 (2008-12-05)
N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-icosatetra-5,8,11,14-enamide (AM404) is a metabolite of the well-known analgesic paracetamol. AM404 inhibits endocannabinoid cellular uptake, binds weakly to CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors, and is formed by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) in vivo. We prepared three derivatives of this
Atsushi Kambe et al.
Cancer prevention research (Philadelphia, Pa.), 2(12), 1088-1099 (2009-11-26)
EP4 expression in human glioblastoma cells correlates with growth on soft agar. The cyclooxygenase inhibitor sulindac sulfide first altered specificity protein-1 (Sp-1) and early growth response gene-1 expression, then increased the expression of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-activated gene 1 and activating
G Michelle Pinson et al.
Journal of pharmacy practice, 26(5), 518-521 (2013-06-06)
Warfarin is frequently used for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolism, yet it is associated with numerous drug interactions. Regarding over-the-counter pain medications, the preferred analgesic for those patients who are taking warfarin is acetaminophen. There are, however, reports of
Baolian Wang et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 155(3), 1473-1482 (2014-08-06)
Schisandra chinensis (SC), officially listed as a sedative and tonic in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, has been used as a common component in various prescriptions in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and more recently in western medicine for its antihepatotoxic effect. To
Shotaro Uehara et al.
Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals, 43(7), 969-976 (2015-04-11)
The common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus), a New World primate species, is potentially a useful animal model for preclinical studies in drug development. However, cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes have not been fully identified and characterized in marmosets. In this study, we
R L O'Connor-Semmes et al.
Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics, 96(6), 704-712 (2014-09-23)
GSK2374697 is a genetically engineered fusion protein of a human domain antibody to exendin-4. This molecule binds with a high affinity to human serum albumin, creating a long-duration glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist. This study is the first evaluation of
M M Farag et al.
Human & experimental toxicology, 34(8), 828-837 (2014-11-27)
A major disadvantage that may occur in association with atorvastatin (ATV) therapy is elevation of serum transaminases. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of treatment of rats with various doses of ATV (2, 5, and 10 mg/kg/day) on
J W Findlay et al.
Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics, 29(5), 625-633 (1981-05-01)
The disposition of salicylic acid, phenacetin, caffeine, and codeine, and two metabolites, acetaminophen and morphine, was studied in breast milk and plasma of two lactating mothers after single oral doses of a compound analgesic. Salicylic acid penetrated poorly into milk
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