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B Nair
International journal of toxicology, 20 Suppl 3, 23-50 (2002-01-05)
Benzyl Alcohol is an aromatic alcohol used in a wide variety of cosmetic formulations as a fragrance component, preservative, solvent, and viscosity-decreasing agent. Benzoic Acid is an aromatic acid used in a wide variety of cosmetics as a pH adjuster
Anna Sommansson et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e102654-e102654 (2014-07-18)
Alcohol may induce metabolic and functional changes in gastrointestinal epithelial cells, contributing to impaired mucosal barrier function. Duodenal mucosal bicarbonate secretion (DBS) is a primary epithelial defense against gastric acid and also has an important function in maintaining the homeostasis
Janique Vandal et al.
Pharmaceutical biology, 53(6), 800-806 (2015-02-24)
The number of multidrug resistant (MDR) microorganisms is increasing and the antimicrobial resistance expressed by these pathogens is generating a rising global health crisis. In fact, there are only a few antimicrobial agents left that can be used against MDR
Giorgio Ottaviani et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 50(4), 742-748 (2007-02-16)
The development of in silico and in vitro tools to estimate or predict the passive human skin permeation and distribution of new chemical entities, useful in dermal drug delivery, in absorption studies of toxic compounds, and in the cosmetics industry
N I Fedotcheva et al.
Biofizika, 57(5), 820-826 (2012-11-10)
The effects of phenolic acids of microbial origin on mitochondrial functions and the possibility of removing their effects by thiol antioxidants dithiotreitol and N-acethylcysteine were studied. The action of some phenolic acids on the redox state of NADH, the membrane
Renbo Wei et al.
Macromolecular rapid communications, 34(4), 330-334 (2013-01-03)
A new approach is developed to fabricate highly oriented mono-domain LCE nano/microstructures through micro-molding in capillaries. Gratings and microwires as two typical examples are fabricated and characterized by polarizing optical microscopy, optical microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. The gratings with
Rukhsana Gul et al.
European journal of medicinal chemistry, 85, 438-449 (2014-08-12)
Some novel ferrocenyl guanidines 1-8 were synthesized and characterized by different spectroscopic methods, elemental analysis and single crystal X-rays diffraction techniques. The crystallographic studies revealed that the existence of the strong non-bonding interactions facilitate these molecules to interact with biological
Kayleigh A Clarke et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 972, 29-37 (2014-10-13)
The simultaneous analysis of free-form and conjugated flavonoids in the same sample is difficult but necessary to properly estimate their bioavailability. A method was developed to optimise the extraction of both free and conjugated forms of catechins and metabolites in
Timothy M Martin et al.
The journal of gene medicine, 17(1-2), 33-53 (2015-02-11)
Design of efficient nonviral gene delivery systems is limited by the rudimentary understanding of specific molecules that facilitate transfection. Polyplexes using 25-kDa polyethylenimine (PEI) and plasmid-encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP) were delivered to HEK 293T cells. After treating cells with
Hakki Mevlut Ozcan et al.
Artificial cells, nanomedicine, and biotechnology, 42(4), 256-261 (2013-02-01)
In this study, a novel fresh broad (Vicia faba) tissue homogenate-based biosensor for determination of phenolic compounds was developed. The biosensor was constructed by immobilizing tissue homogenate of fresh broad (Vicia faba) on to glassy carbon electrode. For the stability
František Trejtnar et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 58(10), 5650-5657 (2014-06-25)
Amphotericin B (AmB) is excreted via the renal excretion route. This excretion process may result in nephrotoxicity. However, relevant information on the precise renal excretion mechanisms is not available. The aim of the study was to analyze the possible interaction
S Tamilselvan et al.
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 114, 19-26 (2013-06-12)
An efficient amino acid family nonlinear optical single crystal L-phenylalanine-benzoic acid (LPB) was conveniently grown by slow evaporation technique at room temperature. The crystal system and the lattice parameters were analyzed by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The grown crystal
Margreet R Olthof et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 133(6), 1806-1814 (2003-05-29)
Dietary phenols are antioxidants, and their consumption might contribute to the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Coffee and tea are major dietary sources of phenols. Dietary phenols are metabolized extensively in the body. Lack of quantitative data on their metabolites hinders
Chao-Bin Xue et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 15(5), 2006-2015 (2007-01-30)
Phenoloxidase (PO), also known as tyrosinase, is a key enzyme in insect development, responsible for catalyzing the hydroxylation of tyrosine into o-diphenols and the oxidation of o-diphenols into o-quinones. Inhibition of PO may provide a basis for novel environmentally friendly
Zhen-Qiang Dong et al.
Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 29(10), 3188-3194 (2013-02-05)
Photoreversible micelles were achieved by a combination of commercially available components sodium alginate (Alg), tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide (TTAB), α-cyclodextrin (α-CD), and 4-(phenylazo)benzoic acid (PBA). Under visible light irradiation, α-CD interacted more favorably with PBA than with alkyl chains of TTAB. Therefore
Joerg M Steiner et al.
Veterinary clinical pathology, 43(3), 397-404 (2014-07-01)
The role of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), a cytokine shown to play a crucial role in human Crohn's disease patients, has not been documented in cats with chronic enteropathies. Also, currently, no validated assay for measurement of TNF-α in
Chunhua Liu et al.
European journal of pharmacology, 700(1-3), 118-126 (2013-01-12)
Leonurine possesses cardioprotective effects in myocardial ischemia due to its anti-apoptotic properties. However, the process to isolate and purify leonurine is difficult, because of its low content in the Herb Leonuri and its impurity. Moreover, the high dosage used indicates
Fuhua Lin et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 405(6), 2077-2081 (2013-01-12)
A simple, efficient, and sensitive method for simultaneous determination of sorbic acid (SA), benzoic acid (BA), and cinnamic acid (CA) in juices and soft drinks was developed by stir cake sorptive extraction (SCSE) coupling to high-performance liquid chromatography with diode
Zi-Qi Shi et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1345, 78-85 (2014-05-06)
Quality standardization of herbal medicines (HMs) is an important task with great challenges. Selection of abundant compounds as markers is currently a major approach for the quality control of HMs; however, such marker compounds are irrelevant to the bioactivities in
Rulin Cai et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 33(4), 2070-2077 (2013-03-19)
We report here a novel approach to fabricate a nanostructured micelle as potential drug carriers and the relationship between the morphological structure and the preparation condition. The polymeric micelle aggregates constructed by self-assembly compose of the poly(ε-caprolactone)/monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol) linear-dendritic
Michelle G Rooks et al.
The ISME journal, 8(7), 1403-1417 (2014-02-07)
Dysregulated immune responses to gut microbes are central to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and gut microbial activity can fuel chronic inflammation. Examining how IBD-directed therapies influence gut microbiomes may identify microbial community features integral to mitigating disease and maintaining health.
Thierry Franck et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 206(2), 194-203 (2013-09-26)
We investigated the antioxidant activities of some phenolic acid derivatives on a cell free system and on cellular and enzymatic models involved in inflammation. The stoichiometric antioxidant activities of phenolic acid derivatives were studied by measuring their capacity to scavenge
Feng Li et al.
Journal of natural products, 73(4), 623-627 (2010-03-24)
Three new flavonoids, (2R,3R)-3,5-dihydroxy-7-methoxyflavanone 3-(2-methyl)butyrate (1), (7''R)-8-[1-(4'-hydroxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-yl]chrysin (2), and (7''R)-8-[1-(4'-hydroxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-yl]galangin (3), together with 41 known compounds (4-44) were isolated from a methanolic extract of Mexican propolis. Compounds 2 and 3 are unique natural flavones containing a 1-phenylallyl moiety. The in
Hiroyuki Yamashita et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 31(8), 1946-1957 (2014-02-14)
The advent of cocrystals has demonstrated a growing need for efficient and comprehensive coformer screening in search of better development forms, including salt forms. Here, we investigated a coformer screening system for salts and cocrystals based on binary phase diagrams
Pharmaceutical Analysis, 1 (2008)
Mei Wang et al.
AAPS PharmSciTech, 13(4), 1348-1354 (2012-10-12)
A novel drug delivery system consisting of benzoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, 2-D-ribofuranosylhydrazide (BHR)-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (BHR-SLNs) was prepared using the emulsification-evaporation technique. The mean particle size of the BHR-SLNs measured by photon correlation spectroscopy was about 75 nm. BHR-SLN morphology was
N M Nielsen et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 77(4), 285-298 (1988-04-01)
Benzoic acid esters of various substituted 2-hydroxyacetamides (glycolamides) were found to be hydrolyzed extremely rapidly in human plasma solutions, the half-lives of hydrolysis being less than 5 s in 50% plasma solutions for some N,N-disubstituted glycolamide esters. The rapid rate
Daniel R Swale et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e103713-e103713 (2014-08-08)
Recent studies suggest that N, N-diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET) is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor and that this action may result in neurotoxicity and pose a risk to humans from its use as an insect repellent. We investigated the mode of action of DEET
G C Tremblay et al.
Pharmacology & therapeutics, 60(1), 63-90 (1993-10-01)
Detoxification of sodium benzoate by elimination as a conjugate with glycine, a nonessential amino acid, provides a pathway for the disposal of waste nitrogen. Since 1979, sodium benzoate has been widely used in the therapeutic regimen to combat ammonia toxicity
Mingqi Xie et al.
Nucleic acids research, 42(14), e116-e116 (2014-07-18)
Synthetic biology has significantly advanced the design of mammalian trigger-inducible transgene-control devices that are able to programme complex cellular behaviour. Fruit-based benzoate derivatives licensed as food additives, such as flavours (e.g. vanillate) and preservatives (e.g. benzoate), are a particularly attractive
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