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L M Roth et al.
Cancer, 37(2), 812-820 (1976-02-01)
Fourteen cases of yolk sac carcinoma, 10 occurring in gonadal, and four in extragonadal sites, seen at the Indiana University Hospitals from 1949 to 1974, were analyzed with respect to pathologic features, laboratory findings, and clinical course. Their histologic appearance
Karin Mardo et al.
PloS one, 12(1), e0169989-e0169989 (2017-01-20)
Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, an abundant commensal of the human gut, degrades numerous complex carbohydrates. Recently, it was reported to grow on a β-2,6-linked polyfructan levan produced by Zymomonas mobilis degrading the polymer into fructooligosaccharides (FOS) with a cell surface bound endo-levanase
M Lüscher et al.
FEBS letters, 385(1-2), 39-42 (1996-04-29)
Sucrose-sucrose 1-fructosyltransferase (1-SST) was purified 100-fold from tubers of Helianthus tuberosus L. The purified enzyme was essentially devoid of invertase activity and could be separated by isoelectric focusing into five isoforms which all were composed of two subunits (59 and
Habib Driouch et al.
Bioengineered bugs, 2(2), 100-104 (2011-06-04)
Filamentous fungi such as Aspergillus niger are important biocatalysts for industrial production of various enzymes as well as organic acids or antibiotics. In suspended culture these microorganisms exhibit a complex morphology which typically has a strong influence on their production properties.
T Ikeda et al.
General pharmacology, 21(2), 175-179 (1990-01-01)
1. The effect of nystose on cariogenic factors of mutans streptococci was investigated. 2. Nystose was not utilized as a substrate for the growth, lactic acid production, plaque formation and cellular aggregation of serotype a-g strains of mutans streptococci. 3.
Jing Zhang et al.
Journal of biotechnology, 249, 25-33 (2017-03-28)
Aspergillus niger ATCC20611 is one of the most potent filamentous fungi used commercially for production of fructooligosaccharides (FOS), which are prospective components of functional food by stimulating probiotic bacteria in the human gut. However, current strategies for improving FOS yield
Jianwen Li et al.
Wei sheng yan jiu = Journal of hygiene research, 37(3), 359-361 (2008-07-24)
A methods for the simultaneous determination for 1-kestose (GF2) and nystose (GF3) in foods and vegetables by high performance anion exchange chromatography with integrated pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD) was developed in this study. With a gradient program, and NaOH and
Lorena Moreno-Vilet et al.
Food chemistry, 237, 833-840 (2017-08-03)
Agave fructans are increasingly important in food industry and nutrition sciences as a potential ingredient of functional food, thus practical analysis tools to characterize them are needed. In view of the importance of the molecular weight on the functional properties
Arthitaya Kawee-Ai et al.
Preparative biochemistry & biotechnology, 49(7), 649-658 (2019-04-24)
In this study, various levels of ultra-high pressure (UHP) were combined with the enzymatic synthesis of the fructooligosaccharide (FOS) using Pectinex Ultra SP-L and inulinase. The combination enhanced the FOS yields up to 2.5- and 1.5-fold, respectively, compared to atmospheric
Jerzy Juśkiewicza et al.
Archives of animal nutrition, 62(5), 389-403 (2008-10-24)
In a four-week experiment on 60 7-day-old BUT-9 male turkeys the effects of dietary fructooligosaccharides (pure nystose and a fructooligosaccharide mixture) supplemented at 1 and 2%, were studied on ileal and caecal metabolism. The control carbohydrate was cellulose, added also
Liandi Chi et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 156, 125-132 (2018-04-28)
Inulin-type fructooligosaccharides (FOS) purified from Morinda Officinalis, with degrees of polymerization (DP) from 3 to 9, have been approved in China as an oral prescribed drug for mild and moderate depression episode, while the stability and oral absorption of this
Hideki Okada et al.
Carbohydrate research, 338(9), 879-885 (2003-04-12)
Five novel oligosaccharides (tetra-, penta- and hexa-saccharides) were synthesized by glucosyltransfer from beta-D-glucose 1-phosphate to isokestose (O-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)-O-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)-alpha-D-glucopyranoside) or nystose (O-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)-O-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)-O-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)-alpha-D-glucopyranoside) using Thermoanaerobacter brockii kojibiose phosphorylase. The oligosaccharides were identified as 2(2-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl)(m)isokestose; [O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)](m)-O-[beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)](2)-alpha-D-glucopyranoside: m=1, 2, and 3, and 2(2-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl)(n)nystose; [O-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)](n)-O-[beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)](3)-alpha-D-glucopyranoside: n=1
C Cui et al.
Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica, 20(1), 36-39 (1995-01-01)
Five compounds having antidepressant activities have been isolated from the roots of Morinda officinalis, a Chinese traditional Yang-tonic drug. These compounds were identified as succinic acid (1), nystose (2), 1F-fructofuranosylnystose (3), inulin-type hexasaccharide (4) and heptasaccharide (5) by chemical and
Qi Xie et al.
Food & function, 11(7), 6352-6362 (2020-07-02)
Codonopsis pilosula is a traditional Chinese medicine and food supplement that is widely used in China. This study aimed to investigate the antifatigue and antihypoxia activities of different extracts and fractions from C. pilosula, including ethanol extract (ETH), water extract
K H Jung et al.
Biotechnology letters, 33(8), 1621-1624 (2011-04-12)
Continuous production of fructooligosaccharides (FOS) by Aureobasidium pullulans immobilized on calcium alginate beads with a packed bed was investigated at a plant scale reactor. Optimum conditions were with 770 g sucrose/l, being fed at 200 l/h at 50°C which gave a productivity
Mei Cheng et al.
Enzyme and microbial technology, 137, 109519-109519 (2020-05-20)
Inulin is a widespread polysaccharide, and it can be bio-transferred to α-d-fructofuranose-β-d-fructofuranose 1,2':2,1'-dianhydride (DFA I), a potential low-calorie sweetener, via inulin fructotransferase (IFTase, EC In this study, a novel DFA I-forming IFTase was identified and characterized from Streptomyces peucetius
A D French et al.
Carbohydrate research, 247, 51-62 (1993-09-02)
Nystose, O-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)-O-beta-D-fructofuranosyl-(2-->1)- beta-D-fructofuranosyl alpha-D-glucopyranoside, was modeled with the rigid-residue program PFOS and with MM3. The three furanose rings of crystalline nystose trihydrate all are within the 1 kcal.mol-1 contour on an MM3 energy surface that was calculated with a dielectric
Edgar Omar Mendoza-Llerenas et al.
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology, 180(6), 1056-1075 (2016-11-05)
β-Fructosidase, a glycoside hydrolase of a biotechnologically important strain, was studied for its biochemical, physicochemical, and three-dimensional structure characteristics. This enzyme was heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli as a C-terminal His-tagged protein (SacB). β-Fructosidase catalyzes the cleavage of glycoside bonds
E M Hellwege et al.
The Plant journal : for cell and molecular biology, 12(5), 1057-1065 (1998-01-07)
By screening a cDNA library of artichoke (Cynara scolymus) blossom discs for fructosyltransferases, we isolated a clone designated Cy21. The deduced amino acid sequence shows homology to acid beta-fructosyl hydrolases and to the sucrose-fructan 6-fructosyltransferase (6-SFT) of barley. Transiently expressed
Deepa C Khandekar et al.
Bioprocess and biosystems engineering, 37(12), 2529-2537 (2014-06-19)
The study reports the synthesis of fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) from sucrose using invertase derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The reaction was conducted in a batch mode under free enzyme condition. Fructo-oligosaccharide formation was detected at a high sucrose concentration of over 200 g/L.
Yukako Okazaki et al.
European journal of nutrition, 60(1), 89-99 (2020-03-21)
We recently reported that fermentable non-digestible carbohydrates including fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) commonly elevate colonic alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and the expression of IAP-I, an ALP gene, in rats fed a high-fat (HF) diet, and also elevate gut mucins and modulate gut
Z Zduńczyk et al.
Poultry science, 86(6), 1133-1139 (2007-05-15)
The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of dietary administration of a fructooligosaccharide preparation rich in kestose and nestose on growth performance and gastrointestinal parameters in young turkeys. The kestose and nestose preparation was obtained through
Hiroya Endo et al.
Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 76(1), 176-179 (2012-01-11)
The utilization of 1-kestose (GF(2)) and nystose (GF(3)), the main components of fructooligosaccharides (FOS), by Lactobacillus and Bacteroides species was examined. Of seven Lactobacillus and five Bacteroides strains that utilized FOS, L. salivarius, L. rhamnosus, L. casei, and L. gasseri
M Iacovou et al.
Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association, 31(2), 256-265 (2017-06-21)
To investigate if a low fermentable oligo-, di- and mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet consumed by breastfeeding mothers may be associated with reduced symptoms of infantile colic. Exclusively breastfeeding mothers and their typically-developing healthy infants who met the Wessel Criteria
Yusuke Nakanishi et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 72(9), 6271-6276 (2006-09-08)
It is well known that short chain fructooligosaccharides (scFOS) modify intestinal microbiota in animals as well as in humans. Since most murine intestinal bacteria are still uncultured, it is difficult for a culturing method to detect changes in intestinal microbiota
Zenon Zduńczyk et al.
Archives of animal nutrition, 59(4), 247-256 (2005-12-03)
In a four-week experiment on rats' diets containing 5% of sucrose or fructooligosaccharides (FOS) diversified in terms of kestose and nystose contents: 6:1 (FOS-K), 3:1 (FOS-KN), and 0.5:1 (FOS-N) were applied. All FOS preparations, primarily FOS-N, considerably increased the mass
Lucía Cassani et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 98(9), 3271-3279 (2017-12-13)
The quantification of the main carbohydrates present in strawberry juices enriched with inulin and fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) and preserved by non-thermal techniques (vanillin and ultrasound) was conducted, in addition to an investigation of the evolution of these compounds and their relationship
Yijia Xie et al.
AMB Express, 7(1), 128-128 (2017-06-24)
The industrial microorganisms used for fructooligosaccharides (FOS) synthesis are generally fermented with sucrose as carbon source to induce the production of β-fructofuranosidase (FFase) having transfructosylation activity. Consequently, isolation of novel FFase producers from a sucrose-enriched biotope would help improve FOS
Lilit Ispiryan et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 67(15), 4384-4392 (2019-03-28)
This study presents an analytical method for the quantification of fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) in cereals and cereal-based products, considering diverse ingredients, such as different cereals in addition to wheat, pulses, or pseudocereals. All carbohydrates have
Min Bao et al.
International journal of biological macromolecules, 137, 537-544 (2019-06-25)
Studies on endo-inulinases from yeast are scarce, compared to those from other microbial sources. In this study, a novel endo-inulinase from Lipomyces starkeyi NRRL Y-11557 was identified, expressed in its soluble form, and characterized its physicochemically properties, together with its
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