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Poonamjot Deol et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0132672-e0132672 (2015-07-23)
The obesity epidemic in the U.S. has led to extensive research into potential contributing dietary factors, especially fat and fructose. Recently, increased consumption of soybean oil, which is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), has been proposed to play a
Young Jin Jang et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 467(4), 941-947 (2015-10-17)
Shikonin is a naturally occurring naphthoquinone pigment and a major constituent present in Lithospermum erythrorhizon. Since microRNAs (miRNAs) are one of the key post-transcriptional regulators of adipogenesis, their manipulation represents a potential new strategy to inhibit adipogenesis. Our aim was
Catalytic Dehydration of 1,2-Propanediol into Propanal over Ag-Modified Silica-Alumina.
Sun D, et al.
Chemistry Letters (Jpn), 43(4), 450-452 (2014)
Margit D Aaslyng et al.
Meat science, 110, 52-61 (2015-07-18)
Consumer liking was assessed for streaky bacon and pork belly roll from entire male pigs with an androstenone (AND) content of up to 9.4 ppm and a skatole (SKA) content of up to 0.92 ppm in the back fat and
Raquel S Teixeira et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 474(1-2), 212-222 (2014-08-12)
The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of new, biocompatible, lysine-based surfactants as chemical permeation enhancers for two different local anesthetics, tetracaine and ropivacaine hydrochloride, topically administered. Results show that this class of surfactants strongly influences permeation
Arfat Idrees et al.
Acta poloniae pharmaceutica, 71(2), 287-295 (2014-10-03)
This study was aimed to determine effects of penetration enhancers and plasticizers on drug release from rationally designed formulations of flurbiprofen based transdermal drug delivery system. Matrix type transdermal patches were formulated with ethyl cellulose (EC) as a polymer by
Monice M Fiume et al.
International journal of toxicology, 31(5 Suppl), 245S-260S (2012-10-25)
Propylene glycol is an aliphatic alcohol that functions as a skin conditioning agent, viscosity decreasing agent, solvent, and fragrance ingredient in cosmetics. Tripropylene glycol functions as a humectant, antioxidant, and emulsion stabilizer. Polypropylene glycols (PPGs), including PPG-3, PPG-7, PPG-9, PPG-12
Gai Ling Li et al.
Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society, 84(1-2), 49-57 (2002-10-26)
To achieve a therapeutical effect of the anti-Parkinson's drug R-apomorphine via iontophoresis delivery, enhancement strategies in vitro were explored using three structurally related enhancers, lauric acid (LA), dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB) and Laureth-3 oxyethylene ether (C(12)EO(3)). Human stratum corneum and shed
Jayamanti Pandit et al.
Journal of liposome research, 24(2), 163-169 (2014-02-01)
Miconazole nitrate is a widely used antifungal agent, but its use in topical formulations is not efficacious because deep seated fungal infections are difficult to treat with conventional topical formulation. Miconazole nitrate loaded ultraflexible liposomes have been prepared and their
Systemic contact dermatitis due to intravenous Valium in a person sensitive to propylene glycol.
A A Fisher
Cutis, 55(6), 327-328 (1995-06-01)
Fengjiao Zhou et al.
Journal of bioscience and bioengineering, 120(1), 9-16 (2014-12-31)
Several carbonaceous mesocellular foams (C-MCFs) were prepared with MCF-silica as template using the carbon precursors of sucrose, furfuryl alcohol and lab-made phenolic resin, and the corresponding C-MCFs were named as C-MCF-Suc, C-MCF-FA and C-MCF-PR, respectively. The results of SEM, transmission
Yasaman Damestani et al.
Lasers in surgery and medicine, 46(6), 488-498 (2014-05-28)
Optical clearing agents (OCAs) have shown promise for increasing the penetration depth of biomedical lasers by temporarily decreasing optical scattering within the skin. However, their translation to the clinic has been constrained by lack of practical means for effectively perfusing
P D Yorgin et al.
American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation, 30(1), 134-139 (1997-07-01)
Propylene glycol is a solvent that is used in many oral, injectable, and topical medications. Although uncommon, acute renal failure has been attributed to propylene glycol. The mechanism of propylene glycol-mediated renal injury is unknown. We report a case of
Carla Caddeo et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 443(1-2), 128-136 (2013-01-10)
Diclofenac-loaded phospholipid vesicles, namely conventional liposomes, ethosomes and PEVs (penetration enhancer-containing vesicles) were developed and their efficacy in TPA (phorbol ester) induced skin inflammation was examined. Vesicles were made from a cheap and unpurified mixture of phospholipids and diclofenac sodium;
Erin K Zinkhan et al.
Pediatric research, 76(5), 432-440 (2014-08-15)
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) increases the risk of adult-onset hypercholesterolemia. High-fat diet (HFD) consumption potentiates IUGR-induced increased cholesterol. Cholesterol is converted to bile acids by Cyp7a1 in preparation for excretion. We hypothesized that IUGR rats fed a HFD will have
Luc A Cynober
Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 18(9), 761-766 (2002-09-26)
The plasma concentration of an amino acid (AA) is the result of its rates of appearance (Ra) in and disappearance (Rd) from plasma. As for most nutrients, AA Ra and Rd are tightly regulated and at the postabsorptive state Ra
Haranath Kumar Vaddi et al.
Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 26(2), 220-228 (2003-02-11)
In this study, two terpenes with the same functional group; limonene oxide and pinene oxide were used at 5% w/v concentration in 50% v/v ethanol and 100% v/v propylene glycol (PG) to enhance the in vitro permeation of haloperidol (HP)
Mónica Enguita et al.
Cell death & disease, 10(1), 14-14 (2019-01-10)
Liver cirrhosis results from chronic hepatic damage and is characterized by derangement of the organ architecture with increased liver fibrogenesis and defective hepatocellular function. It frequently evolves into progressive hepatic insufficiency associated with high mortality unless liver transplantation is performed.
Dehua Liao et al.
Drug delivery, 22(4), 516-521 (2014-01-29)
The aim of this research was to increase the oral bioavailability of puerarin by N-trimethyl chitosan-modified microemulsions (TMC-MEs) loaded with puerarin. Different concentrations of TMC-modified microemulsions were prepared in our study, and then evaluated for particle size, zeta potential, morphological
Shiow-Fern Ng et al.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy, 40(11), 1538-1546 (2013-09-13)
Topical emollients are known to provide symptomatic relief for atopic dermatitis. In hospitals, wet-wrap therapy has been shown to benefit children with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD), but the application of wet-wraps is tedious and time-consuming. Topical emollients have low residence
Y Yoshida
[Hokkaido igaku zasshi] The Hokkaido journal of medical science, 60(2), 183-194 (1985-03-01)
Methionine is a sulfur-containing essential amino acid and there are optic isomers of L- and D-type. It has been known that there are two metabolic pathways in methionine metabolism-the transsulfuration and the transamination. The purposes of the present investigation are
Lynda Uphouse
Behavioural brain research, 282, 95-102 (2015-01-17)
Regularly cycling Fischer female rats were treated with either a low (5mg/kg) or high (5mg/RAT; approximately 30mg/kg) dose of the antiprogestin, RU486, before the morning of proestrus or on the morning of proestrus. The emergence of sexual behavior after treatment
Julia S Rihm et al.
Neurobiology of learning and memory, 122, 142-151 (2015-05-03)
Emotional memories are reprocessed during sleep, and it is widely assumed that this reprocessing occurs mainly during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. In support for this notion, vivid emotional dreams occur mainly during REM sleep, and several studies have reported
Thomas J Raub et al.
Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals, 43(9), 1360-1371 (2015-07-08)
Effective treatments for primary brain tumors and brain metastases represent a major unmet medical need. Targeting the CDK4/CDK6-cyclin D1-Rb-p16/ink4a pathway using a potent CDK4 and CDK6 kinase inhibitor has potential for treating primary central nervous system tumors such as glioblastoma
Uri Rozovski et al.
Molecular cancer research : MCR, 13(5), 944-953 (2015-03-04)
While reviewing chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) bone marrow slides, we identified cytoplasmic lipid vacuoles in CLL cells but not in normal B cells. Because lipoprotein lipase (LPL), which catalyzes hydrolysis of triglycerides into free fatty acids (FFA), is aberrantly expressed
Tausif Zar et al.
Seminars in dialysis, 20(3), 217-219 (2007-06-09)
Propylene glycol is a commonly used solvent for oral, intravenous, and topical pharmaceutical preparations. Although it is considered safe, large intravenous doses given over a short period of time can be toxic. Underlying renal insufficiency and hepatic dysfunction raise risk
Jianli Wang et al.
Human brain mapping, 35(8), 3616-3624 (2013-12-05)
Human olfactory system is under-studied using fMRI compared with other sensory systems. Because the perception (intensity, threshold, and valence) and detection of odors are tightly involved with respiration, the subject's respiration pattern modulates and interacts with the experimental paradigm, which
Hemant K Mishra et al.
Journal of leukocyte biology, 97(3), 447-454 (2014-11-22)
The chemokine receptor CXCR2 is expressed at high levels on circulating neutrophils and is critical for directing their migration to sites of inflammation. CXCR2 surface levels are rapidly modulated by 2 mechanisms-cell internalization and recycling upon ligand binding-and by a
Mutlaq M Al-Subaie et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 10, 3973-3985 (2015-06-26)
This study aimed to formulate an optimized acyclovir (ACV) nanoemulsion hydrogel in order to provide a solution for the slow, variable, and incomplete oral drug absorption in patient suffering from herpes simplex viral infection. Solubility of ACV in different oils
Yoshiki Seto et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 354(2), 195-202 (2015-05-29)
This study aimed to qualify photosafety screening on the basis of photochemical and pharmacokinetic (PK) data on dermally applied chemicals. Six benzophenone derivatives (BZPs) were selected as model compounds, and in vitro photochemical/phototoxic characterization and dermal cassette-dosing PK study were
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