Merck
All Photos(4)

M2011

Sigma-Aldrich

Melphalan

powder

Synonym(s):
4-[Bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]-L-phenylalanine, L-PAM, L-Phenylalanine mustard
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C13H18Cl2N2O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
305.20
Beilstein:
2816456
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.32

form

powder

Quality Level

color

white

SMILES string

N[C@@H](Cc1ccc(cc1)N(CCCl)CCCl)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C13H18Cl2N2O2/c14-5-7-17(8-6-15)11-3-1-10(2-4-11)9-12(16)13(18)19/h1-4,12H,5-9,16H2,(H,18,19)/t12-/m0/s1

InChI key

SGDBTWWWUNNDEQ-LBPRGKRZSA-N

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General description

Melphalan also known as L-phenylalanine mustard is an alkylating agent. It belongs to the class of nitrogen mustards, which act as chemotherapeutic agents.

Application

Melphalan has been used as a drug along with HDAC-inhibitor JNJ-26481585 to treat multiple myeloma (MM) in cell lines and as a chemotherapeutic agent for breast cancer cell line.

Packaging

100, 250 mg in glass bottle
1 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

In rat, melphalan in isolated lung perfusion (ILP) functions as a potent therapeutics for sarcomatous pulmonary metastases. It forms DNA intrastrand crosslinks by bifunctional alkylation in 5′-GGC sequences. Melphalan acts as a bone-marrow depressant and is implicated in the treatment of multiple myeloma and ovarian cancer.
Melphalan is an antineoplastic agent.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbonesHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Oral - Carc. 1A - Muta. 1B - Repr. 2 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

6.1B - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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