Merck
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437557

Sigma-Aldrich

Acetonitrile

≥99.5%, ACS reagent

Synonym(s):
Cyanomethane, Methyl cyanide, ACN, Ethyl nitrile
Linear Formula:
CH3CN
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
41.05
Beilstein:
741857
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

vapor density

1.41 (vs air)

vapor pressure

72.8 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.5%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

973 °F

expl. lim.

16 %

technique(s)

solid phase extraction (SPE): suitable

impurities

≤0.3% water
≤0.6 μeq/g Titr. base
≤8 μeq/g Titr. acid

evapn. residue

≤0.005%

color

APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.344 (lit.)

bp

81-82 °C (lit.)

mp

−45 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble

density

0.786 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CC#N

InChI

1S/C2H3N/c1-2-3/h1H3

InChI key

WEVYAHXRMPXWCK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Acetonitrile (MeCN), an aliphatic nitrile, is a colorless liquid with a characteristic odor. MeCN has low viscosity, high elution strength and is highly miscible in water. It is widely used as a solvent and intermediate in organic syntheses and is transparent to UV-visible light, making it highly applicable in spectrophotometric and fluorimetric techniques. It also plays a major role as an extractant medium in liquid-liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction or microextraction.

Application

Acetonitrile may be used as solvent in the following processes:
  • Organic synthesis
  • Liquid-liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction or microextraction.
  • Spectrophotometric and fluorimetric techniques.
  • Electrolytes in lithium-ion batteries
  • Determination of pKa values of organic superbases using the isodensity polarization continuum model (IPCM).

Packaging

4×4 L in PVC-coated bottle

Features and Benefits

ACS solvents meet or exceed the high standards of the American Chemical Society (ACS) ,with test specifications that are specialized to every compound. According to the American Chemical Society, ACS reagent grade implies that it is a substance of sufficient purity to be used in most chemical analyses or reactions.

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

35.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

2.0 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Gary L Lensmeyer et al.
Clinical chemistry, 52(6), 1120-1126 (2006-04-01)
The concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in serum has been designated the functional indicator of vitamin D (VitD) nutritional status. Unfortunately, variability among 25(OH)D assays limits clinician ability to monitor VitD status, supplementation, and toxicity. We developed an HPLC method
Basicity of some organic superbases in acetonitrile.
Kovacevic B and Maksic ZB.
Organic Letters, 3(10), 1523-1526 (2001)
Palladium-Catalyzed Oxidative Arylalkylation of Activated Alkenes: Dual C-H Bond Cleavage of an Arene and Acetonitrile.
Wu T, et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition in English), 50(52), 12578-12581 (2011)
Cerium (III) chloride promoted highly regioselective ring opening of epoxides and aziridines using NaN3 in acetonitrile: a facile synthesis of 1,2-azidoalcohols and 1,2-azidoamines.
Sabitha G, et al.
Organic Letters, 4(3), 343-345 (2002)
Dynamics of ultrafast intramolecular charge transfer with 4-(dimethylamino) benzonitrile in acetonitrile.
Druzhinin SI, et al.
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 110(9), 2955-2969 (2006)

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