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41019

Supelco

Melting point standard 235-237°C

analytical standard

Synonym(s):
Caffeine, 1,3,7-Trimethylxanthine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C8H10N4O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
194.19
Beilstein:
17705
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

Quality Level

grade

analytical standard

form

neat

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

mp

234-236.5 °C (lit.)
235-237 °C (±0.3°C)

Featured Industry

Food and Beverages
Pharmaceutical

format

neat

SMILES string

CN1C(=O)N(C)c2ncn(C)c2C1=O

InChI

1S/C8H10N4O2/c1-10-4-9-6-5(10)7(13)12(3)8(14)11(6)2/h4H,1-3H3

InChI key

RYYVLZVUVIJVGH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Melting point standard 235-237 °C, caffeine is useful to calibrate melting point instruments, in the thermodynamic mode of measurement. The value of its melting point is determined with an average of 6 to 12 measurements using a Büchi B-545 instrument that is calibrated against primary standards.

Application

Caffeine melting point standard 235-237 °C finds its use in the characterization of pure chemicals and pharmaceutical compounds.

Biochem/physiol Actions

A central nervous system stimulant believed to act through adenosine receptors and monoamine neurotransmitters. It is an adenosine receptor antagonist and adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Thus, levels of cAMP increase in cells following treatment with caffeine. It has been reported to affect cellular calcium levels, releasing calcium from intracellular stores. It overrides the cell cycle effects of various chemicals such as protease inhibitors, preventing apoptosis; and it has been shown to inhibit cellular DNA repair mechanisms.

Features and Benefits

  • Melting point calibration standard traceable to primary standards (LGC, London)
  • Grade: Analytical Standard
  • Standard deviation up to ± 0.3 °C
  • Provided with certificates of analysis and safety data sheet

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Markus Fehrholz et al.
American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology, 306(1), L101-L109 (2013-10-29)
Factors positively influencing surfactant homeostasis in general and surfactant protein B (SP-B) expression in particular are considered of clinical importance regarding an improvement of lung function in preterm infants. The objective of this study was to identify effects of physiological...
France Denoeud et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6201), 1181-1184 (2014-09-06)
Coffee is a valuable beverage crop due to its characteristic flavor, aroma, and the stimulating effects of caffeine. We generated a high-quality draft genome of the species Coffea canephora, which displays a conserved chromosomal gene order among asterid angiosperms. Although...
Jonathan M Hodgson et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 97(5), 943-950 (2013-04-05)
Measures of blood pressure variation have been associated with cardiovascular disease and related outcomes. The regular consumption of black tea can lower blood pressure, but its effects on blood pressure variation have yet to be investigated. We aimed to assess...
Louise A Horrigan et al.
Pharmacology & therapeutics, 111(3), 877-892 (2006-03-17)
Caffeine is a member of the methylxanthine family of drugs, and is the most widely consumed behaviourally active substance in the western world. This article is focused on the impact of caffeine on immune function. In this regard, a number...
Nicolas Bousette et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 229(3), 374-383 (2013-09-17)
Calnexin (CNX) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) quality control chaperone that has been implicated in ER stress. ER stress is a prominent pathological feature of various pathologic conditions, including cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of CNX and ER stress has...

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